is a volatile oil containing borneol
The essential oil is obtained by the steam distillation
of ground nutmeg
and is used heavily in the perfumery
and pharmaceutical industries.
The oil is colorless or light yellow and smells and tastes of nutmeg. It contains numerous components of interest to the oleochemical
industry, and is used as a natural food flavouring in baked goods, syrups (e.g. Coca Cola
), beverages, sweets etc. It replaces ground nutmeg as it leaves no particles in the food. The essential oil is also used in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries for instance in tooth paste
and as a major ingredient in some cough syrups
. In traditional medicine nutmeg and nutmeg oil were used for illnesses related to the nervous and digestive systems . Myristicin
in the essential oil is probably the agent responsible for the hallucinogenic
properties of nutmeg oil.
Externally, the oil is used for rheumatic
pain and, like clove
oil, can be applied as an emergency treatment to dull toothache
. In France
, it is given in drop doses in honey for digestive upsets and used for bad breath.
Some recommend using 1-2 drops on a cotton swab, and apply to the gums around an aching tooth until dental treatment can be obtained; or 3-5 drops on a sugar lump or in a teaspoon of honey for nausea
, chronic diarrhea
, and indigestion
Alternatively a massage oil can be created by diluting 10 drops in 10 ml almond oil. This can be used for muscular pains associated with rheumatism or overexertion. It can also be combined with thyme or rosemary essential oils. To prepare for childbirth, massage the abdomen daily in the three weeks before the baby is due with a mixture of 5 drops nutmeg oil and no more than 5 drops sage oil in 25 ml almond oil.