Norwood Junction railway station
(originally called Jolly Sailor
) is in South Norwood
in the London Borough of Croydon
in south London
, in Travelcard Zone 4
The station and most trains are operated by Southern, with one train per hour off-peak in both directions operated by Southeastern. The East London Line extension is planned to service this station, which will then form part of the London Overground.
There are seven platforms but at the present time only five of them are in use.
Platforms 1 & 2
Platform 1 is the first platform you arrive at when you come into the station via the main entrance. This is the only platform which disabled users can use at the moment without having to negotiate the subway via stairs for access to all other platforms. Its main use is for trains travelling northwards to London Bridge
and London Victoria
; most of these trains are slow serving many Southern
stations. The services mainly come from Caterham
Platform 2 shares the same track as Platform 1 and is not used.
Platform 3 is for faster services to London Bridge
and Charing Cross
. It is also the only northwards platform served by Southeastern
train services from Tunbridge Wells
. Most services come from Horsham
, East Grinstead
, with the occasional service from Brighton
. If the Thameslink Programme
completes, First Capital Connect
services to Bedford
would stop at this platform as well.
Platforms 4, 5 & 6
Platforms 4, 5 and 6 are for southwards services, with all trains serving either West Croydon
or East Croydon
. Platform 4 is for fast services from London Bridge to Uckfield
, East Grinstead
, Gatwick Airport
, Tunbridge Wells
, Tattenham Corner
. Platform 5 is for Metro services within London that have stopped at a few stations on their way, mainly involving high-frequency London Bridge services to Sutton
. Platform 6 is usually just used when platform alterations are required. Services to Smitham coming from London Victoria
via Crystal Palace
are usually scheduled to stop at Platform 5 but can sometimes be subject to a platform alteration to Platform 6.
Platform 7 is disused at the moment and the line is covered by overgrown plants. It is likely that the London Overground
scheme which extends the East London Line
to the station and on to West Croydon
will use it for its southbound services.
Typical off-peak service is as follows, in trains per hour (tph):
In 1839 the London and Croydon Railway opened Jolly-sailor station (sic) — listed as "Jolly-sailor near Beulah Spa" on fares lists and timetables — at the north end of the street. The station was renamed Norwood in 1846. The station was immediately adjacent to a level crossing over Portland Road.
In 1844 the London and Croydon Railway was given parliamentary authority to test an experimental pneumatic propulsion system on the railway (referred to at the time as the atmospheric-propulsion system). A pumping station was built on Portland Road to create a vacuum in a continuous pipe located centrally between the rails. A piston extended downwards from the trains into a slit in the pipe, meaning that trains were literally sucked towards the pumping station (or more accurately, blown away from it by atmospheric ppressure). The pumping station was built in a Gothic style, with a very tall ornate tower which served both as a chimney and as an exhaust vent for air pumped from the propulsion pipe.
As part of the construction works for the atmospheric-propulsion system, the world's first railway flyover (overpass) was constructed at the north end of Portland Road to carry the new atmospheric-propulsion line over the conventional steam line below. Hoowever in 1847 the atmospheric propulsion experiment was abandoned.
Following construction of new lines the station was closed on 1 June 1859 and replaced by the current station on the south side of the A215 road.
Norwood Junction rail accident
The London Overground
scheme is a plan to extend the East London Line
to West Croydon
via Norwood Junction. The project (which should be finished by 2011 in time for the 2012 Summer Olympics
in London) would connect Norwood Junction with Dalston Junction
and Highbury & Islington
in North London for interchange with First Capital Connect
and the Victoria Line
As a result of London Overground routes being shown on the iconic London Tube map, Norwood Junction now appears on some versions of the standard tube map introduced in January 2008 (shown as part of the 'under construction' portion of the London Overground).
The Oyster card
can be used at this station if it holds a Travelcard
fare. Pay-as-you-go fares held on the Oyster card are not accepted as the station does not lie on the Clapham Junction
to Watford Junction
The Thameslink Programme
(formerly known as Thameslink 2000), is a £3.5 billion major project to expand the Thameslink network
from 51 to 172 stations
spreading northwards to Bedford
and King's Lynn
and southwards to Guildford
, East Grinstead
. The project includes the lengthening of platforms, station remodelling, new railway infrastructure (e.g. viaduct) and additional rolling stock. When implemented, First Capital Connect
services would also call at Norwood Junction station.
There is a large depot for Southern and First Capital Connect trains which is located south of the station. Units serviced there include British Rail Class 171s, 319s, 377s, and 455s plus numerous departmental units and Class 9 shunters. Selhurst Depot is the first train depot, going south, on the London Bridge branch of the Brighton Main Line. There is another depot, Streatham Hill Depot, on the Victoria branch.
Norwood Junction is well served by bus routes, with three bus stops including two bus stands available close by. On the Portland Road
side are two bus stops for routes 197
(Croydon-Peckham) and 312
(South Croydon–Norwood Junction). The High Street 'Clocktower' bus stop serves routes 75
(Morden–Crystal Palace) and 410
(Wallington–Crystal Palace). The Grosvenor Road bus stop serves two routes, 130
(New Addington–Norwood Junction) and 196
(Norwood Junction–Elephant and Castle).
Route 75 was formerly a 24 hour route but the service was withdrawn in favour of a higher frequency of buses on a Sunday by Selkent when they took the service over from Stagecoach London. However a bus stop on Night Bus route N68 is located half a mile away on White Horse Lane. Other service operators are Arriva London, Travel London, London General and Metrobus.