Northrop

Northrop

[nawr-thruhp]
Frye, Northrop, 1912-91, Canadian literary critic, b. Quebec. In 1936 he was ordained as a minister in the United Church of Canada. In 1948 he was appointed professor of English at Victoria College, of which he was later principal (1959-66). Fearful Symmetry (1947) is an authoritative study of William Blake's symbolism and religious mysticism. His most influential study, Anatomy of Criticism (1957), a synoptic overview of the principles and techniques of literary criticism, attempts to uncover and categorize the underlying myths and archetypes of world literature. The Great Code: The Bible and Literature (1982) is a discourse on the narrative and stylistic devices of the Bible. His other major works include The Well-Tempered Critic (1963), as well as studies of Shakespeare, Milton, T. S. Eliot, and the English romantic poets.

See studies by D. Cook (1986) and I. Balfour (1988); bibliography by R. D. Denham (1987).

Northrop, John Howard, 1891-1987, American chemist, b. Yonkers, N.Y., Ph.D. Columbia, 1915. He was a researcher at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller Univ.) from 1916 until his retirement in 1961. Northrop shared the 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with James Sumner and Wendell Stanley for their work on enzymes. Building on earlier work by Sumner, who had demonstrated that enzymes can be crystallized, Northrop isolated and crystallized a number of biologically important enzymes, including pepsin, trypsin, chymotrypsin, ribonuclease, and deoxyribonuclease, and provided indisputable evidence that they are proteins.

(born July 14, 1912, Sherbrooke, Que., Can.—died Jan. 23, 1991, Toronto, Ont.) Canadian literary critic. He was educated in Canada and Britain and from 1939 taught at Victoria College. In Anatomy of Criticism (1957), his most influential work, he analyzed various modes of literary criticism and stressed the recurring importance of archetypal symbols in literature. His other critical works include the influential Fearful Symmetry: A Study of William Blake (1947), The Well-Tempered Critic (1963), The Secular Scripture (1976), The Great Code: The Bible and Literature (1982), and Northrop Frye on Shakespeare (1986).

Learn more about Frye, (Herman) Northrop with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Northrop is a city in Martin County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 262 at the 2000 census.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 262 people, 104 households, and 79 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,747.4 people per square mile (674.4/km²). There were 111 housing units at an average density of 740.3/sq mi (285.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.62% White and 0.38% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.38% of the population.

There were 104 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 111.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,333, and the median income for a family was $42,250. Males had a median income of $31,000 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,785. About 3.7% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 9.1% of those sixty five or over.

References

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