Designated as Region X of the Philippines, Northern Mindanao (Filipino: Hilagang Mindanao) is composed of five provinces and two cities classified as highly urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao Island, and the island province of Camiguin. The regional center is Cagayan de Oro, where the national government's regional offices and other big establishments are located. Lanao del Norte was transferred from Region XII (then called Central Mindanao) by virtue of Executive Order No. 36.
The majority of the region’s inhabitants are migrants from Cebu and Iloilo. There are also Waray-warays, Tagalogs and the indigenous Maranaos.
Rainfall in Northern Mindanao is evenly distributed throughout the year. Its abundant vegetation, natural springs and high elevation contribute to the region’s cool, mild and invigorating climate.
The region has a total land area of 14,032.93 km² of which 6,571 km² is alienable and disposable lands and the remaining 7,461.93 km².
More than 60% of Northern Mindanao’s total land area are classified as forestland. Its seas abound with fish and other marine products.
| Pop. density|
|Lanao del Norte||Tubod||473,062||2,278.6||207.6|
|Misamis Occidental||Oroquieta City||486,723||1,939.3||251.0|
|Misamis Oriental||Cagayan de Oro City||664,338||3,081.1||215.6|
|Cagayan de Oro City¹||—||461,877||488.86||944.8|