The Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme had a 2001 census population of 122,040. The population of Stoke-on-Trent was 240,636 , whilst the Staffordshire Moorlands population was 94,489. This gives an area wide population of 457,165.
North Staffordshire industries included Potteries, Coal mining and Steel. Pottery companies from the area include Royal Doulton, Wedgwood, Portmerrion, Wade, Johnson Brothers, who were all based in The Pottery towns in North Staffordshire.
Transport for the area was based on canals from the 1700s, with the Trent and Mersey canal being built through from the River Trent in South Staffordshire, out through the North border of the area through the most northernly town of Kidsgrove which sits on the South Cheshire border. Kidsgrove is famous for the Harecastle Tunnels which were built to allow transport links through North Staffordshire connecting the North and the South of the country. Towns including Liverpool and Birmingham could trade when these links were put into place.
The canal links in North Staffordshire were followed in the early 1800s by the introduction of the railways.