in south central Africa
was formed and administered from 1891 under charter by the British South Africa Company
which in 1890 had signed a treaty with King Lewanika
of the Barotse
, the most powerful traditional ruler in the territory. Although having features of a charter colony
the treaty and charter gave the territory protectorate
status although not as an official protectorate of the United Kingdom government
In 1911 the British South Africa Company amalgamated North-Western Rhodesia with North-Eastern Rhodesia
to form Northern Rhodesia
, later Zambia
The territory consisted of the western half of present-day Zambia up to the Kafue River, its border with North-Eastern Rhodesia. Later the border between the two chartered territories was moved east but the distinction did not have any great implications.
The capital was initially at Kalomo, and moved in 1907 to Livingstone.