The purpose of Non-Intervention Committee
(1936-1939) was to prevent personnel and matériel reaching the warring parties of the Spanish Civil War
. It was set up as a result of the Non-Intervention Agreement
. This had been proposed in early August 1936 in a joint diplomatic initiative by the governments of Léon Blum
in France and Neville Chamberlain
in Great Britain.. It was part of a policy of appeasement
, aimed at preventing a Proxy war
- with Italy and Germany supporting Franco's Nationalist Coalition
on one side and the Soviet Union
supporting the Republican Popular Front
on the other - escalating into a major pan-European conflict.
The Committee first met in London on 9 September 1936 and was attended by representatives of all European countries, excepting Switzerland (whose policy of neutrality prohibited even inter-Governmental action)..
The second meeting took place on 14 September. It was attended by representatives of Belgium, Britain, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and Sweden.
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