New York State Route 26
is a north-south state highway
that runs for through Central New York
. Its southern terminus is located at the Pennsylvania state line
south of the town of Vestal
in Broome County
, where it becomes Pennsylvania Route 267
. Its northern terminus is located at a junction with NY 12
in the village of Alexandria Bay
in Jefferson County
. NY 26 serves three cities along its routing; one directly (Rome
) and two via other roadways (Binghamton
via NY 17
via NY 3
NY 26, as a single route, was established in the 1930 renumbering; however, portions of the route had been signed state routes since the 1920s. Since 1930, the route has been realigned several times in the North Country, resulting in a modern routing significantly different from its initial alignment.
Broome County and the Newark Valley
Route 26 begins at the Pennsylvania state line
as a continuation of Pennsylvania Route 267
, a major thoroughfare in northern Pennsylvania. The road heads northward through Vestal, passing points such as Wildcat Hill (just over the state line), and Pierson Hill, in which Route 26 runs along the base of. As Route 26 heads through Vestal Center, it intersects with several Broome County Routes, and passes through some hills.
As Route 26 leaves Vestal, it crosses over Pierce Hill and interchanges with New York State Route 434
and Interstate 86
. Route 26 crosses a river and enters Endicott
, where it becomes concurrent with New York State Route 17C
. Route 26 turns to the north soon after, ending the concurrency. Route 26 passes through more hills and intersects with several county routes. Just to the north, in Union Center, New York State Route 38B
terminates. Route 26 passes to the east of the Newark Valley
, intersecting with several local roads, and heads northward. Route 26 heads north, interchanging with Interstate 81
at 27.72 miles.
Cortland and Chenango Counties
Route 26 enters Whitney Point
and becomes concurrent with U.S. Route 11
. Route 26 enters a mountainous region again after two concurrencies (one with Route 11 and one with New York State Route 79
). Route 26 passes to the east of Dorchester Park, which is located on the shores of the Whitney Point Reservoir
. Route 26 enters Cortland County and heads along the Otselic River
In the hamlet of Willet, Route 26 intersects with New York State Route 41, starting a 3-mile long concurrency. Route 26 and Route 41 intersect with New York State Route 221 just to the west of Willet. The two roads head north through mountains until a split at 42 miles. New York State Route 23 terminates at Route 26, which heads north through Cortland County. Route 26 enters the hamlet of Taylor, New York, where it turns to the east then to the northeast into Chenango County. At 60 miles, Chenango County Route 16 becomes concurrent for a short distance. The two roads pass Otselic Center, a small hamlet in Chenango County. The concurrency ends, and Route 26 heads northeastward, where it becomes concurrent again, this time with New York State Route 80. During the concurrency, Routes 26 and 80 enter Madison County.
Madison and Oneida Counties
Routes 26 and 80 split in the hamlet of Georgetown
. Route 26 heads to the northeast, passing mountains and hills to the right and left. For much of the distance of Route 26 in Madison County, Route 26 intersects with local Madison County Routes. Route 26 enters the hamlet of West Eaton and turns to the west towards Oneida County at 72.3 miles. Just south of Bouckville, New York State Route 46
intersects. U.S. Route 20
becomes concurrent to the east of Bouckville. The concurrency stretches for five miles, with New York State Route 12B
joining at 80.5 miles. Routes 26, 20 and 12B enter the village of Madison and split in two directions. Route 20 heads east and Routes 26/12B head north. Routes 26 and 12B exits Madison County for Oneida county at 85.3 miles.
Routes 12B and 26 enter the village of Oriskany Falls, where Route 26 splits to the northwest while 12B heads northward. Route 26 goes through farmland for several miles before entering Vernon Center, where New York State Route 31 terminates at a traffic circle. About a mile north of Vernon Center, New York State Route 5 intersects. Route 26 passes through more farmland, crossing over the New York State Thruway. Route 26 enters the city of Rome at 103.5 miles and becomes concurrent with New York State Route 365. The concurrency is short, as Route 26 heads northward through more farmland after 1.8 miles. In downtown Rome, Routes 49 and 69 intersect with Route 26, with New York State Route 46 coming soon after. Route 26 leaves the City of Rome as it stretches towards Lewis County. Route 26 passes to the west of Delta Lake as it heads through Stokes Center.
Lewis and Jefferson Counties
Route 26 enters Lewis County at 125.5 miles, entering the town of West Leyden
. There, New York State Route 294
begins to the east. Route 26 heads through farmlands, coming and passing through the village of Constableville
. At 137 miles, New York State Route 12D
intersects and heads north. Route 26 heads to the northwest along the base of the Tug Hill Plateau
and passes through several hamlets. At 150.5 miles, New York State Route 12
becomes concurrent. Routes 12 and 26 enter Lowville
and intersects with New York State Route 812
. Route 12 turns to the west at this intersection, and Route 26 heads north along Route 812. The concurrency is short-lived, and Route 26 heads north towards Watertown
. New York State Route 410
terminates at 158.2 miles in Denmark
. Shortly after the intersection with Lewis County Route 55, Route 26 leaves Lewis County for Jefferson County.
Route 26 enters West Carthage and becomes concurrent with New York State Route 126. Route 126 turns to the west at 166.4 miles, and Route 26 leaves West Carthage for more farmland. New York State Route 3 intersects 4 miles north of West Carthage in the town of Great Bend. Route 26 passes through the Fort Drum Military Reservation and intersects with Jefferson County Route 37. Route 26 leaves the reservation and becomes concurrent with U.S. Route 11 in Le Ray. Routes 26 and 11 pass through more farmland and rural areas until reaching the village of Philadelphia, where the two roads split. Route 26 continues through rural land and enters the village of Theresa at 190 miles. There, Route 26 becomes concurrent with New York State Route 37 for three miles. Route 26 heads to the northeast, through the final stretch of farmland, coming to an end at Route 12 (Seaway Trail) in Alexandria Bay.
Modern NY 26 south of US 20
had been an unnumbered road prior to 1930. North of US 20, the road between Oriskany Falls
used to be the southern end of New York State Route 46
, and utilized modern NY 26 south of Rome. Further north, the section of modern NY 26 from west of Lyons Falls
(at the junction of modern NY 26 and NY 12D
) to the village of Lowville
was an old alignment of New York State Route 12
. From Lowville to its northern terminus in Alexandria Bay
, modern NY 26 was then known as New York State Route 48
. Old Route 48, however, used a different alignment through Fort Drum
. It originally used modern NY 3
to reach Fargo
, then U.S. Military Highway
through Fort Drum, then Jefferson County Road 194
to reach the village of Theresa
. From Theresa, old Route 48 used modern NY 26 via Jefferson County Road 193
Modern NY 26 was established as part of the 1930 state highway renumbering along its modern alignment south of Carthage. NY 46 was relocated from the Bouckville to Rome alignment via Oriskany Falls to a more westerly alignment that ran via the city of Oneida. The old alignment of NY 46 south of Rome was reassigned to the newly established NY 26. NY 26 continued north to Turin via a previously unnumbered road and overlapped with NY 12 to Lowville. Old Route 48 was renumbered in 1930 to become part of NY 26. Between 1970 and 1982, NY 26 was realigned to use its modern alignment via Philadelphia, including the overlap with US 11.
- NY 26A was an alternate route of NY 26 between Lowville, Lewis County, and Carthage, Jefferson County. While NY 26 followed a direct routing between the two villages, NY 26A veered to the east to serve Croghan. The route was assigned in the 1930 renumbering and renumbered to NY 126 and NY 812 in the early 1980s.
- NY 26B was a spur route connecting NY 26 to the village of Redwood in Jefferson County. The route was in place by 1951 and replaced by County Route 192 in the early 1980s.