is a town
in Columbia County
, New York
, 24 miles (39 km) southeast of Albany
. In 1910, 1,378 people lived in New Lebanon, New York. The population was 2,454 at the 2000 census.
The Town of New Lebanon is in the northeast part of Columbia County. US 20 crosses the town.
New Lebanon was formed from the Town of Canaan
New Lebanon was the main spiritual home of the Shakers. The Mount Lebanon Shaker Society at New Lebanon, NY, had 609 members in 1864. The most historic structures now belong to the Shaker Museum and Library. Some of the other surviving buildings are home to the Darrow School. Still others have been converted into a Sufi retreat center called the Abode of the Message. The latter is the former residence of Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan may he rest in peace, and is now the home of the current Pir of the Sufi Order International, Pir Zia Inayat Khan.
Past residents of note
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of 36.0 square miles
), of which, 35.9 square miles (93.0 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.22%) is water.
The north town line is the border of Rensselaer County, New York, and the east town line is the border of Berkshire County, Massachusetts.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 2,454 people, 983 households, and 651 families residing in the town. The population density
was 68.4 people per square mile (26.4/km²). There were 1,201 housing units at an average density of 33.5/sq mi (12.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.52% White
, 1.26% African American
, 0.08% Native American
, 1.34% Asian
, 0.16% Pacific Islander
, 0.41% from other races
, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race was 1.10% of the population.
There were 983 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $44,805, and the median income for a family was $50,417. Males had a median income of $34,524 versus $30,590 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,529. About 6.8% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in New Lebanon
- Lebanon Springs -- A hamlet northeast of New Lebanon village on Route 22.
- New Britain -- A hamlet in the southwest part of the town.
- New Lebanon -- The hamlet of New Lebanon.
- New Lebanon Center -- A hamlet northwest of New Lebanon village.
- West New Lebanon -- A hamlet in the northwest part of the town on Route 20.
- Darrow School -- formerly a boys' prep school, now a school specializing in educating unique high school students from various parts of the world
- The Abode of the Message -- A residential spiritual community, conference center and school of esoteric study