or Nellore beef cattle
originated from Ongole (Bos indicus
) cattle originally brought to Brazil
. They are named for the district of Nelore in Andhra Pradesh
. The Nelore has a distinct large hump over the top of the shoulder and neck. They have long legs which help them to walk in water and when grazing. The Nelore can adapt to all except very cold climates. They are very resistant to high temperatures and have natural resistance to various parasites and diseases. Brazil is the largest breeder of Nelore. Nelore have the shortest ears of most Bos indicus
types. There is a naturally polled
strain of the breed.
The first pair of Ongole cattle arrived in Brazil in 1868 when they were bought from a ship at Salvador, Bahia. Two more were bought from Hamburg
Zoo by Manoel Ubelhart Lemgruber from Rio de Janeiro in 1878. The most recent importations from India were of one hundred animals in the 1960s. The Nelore herd book was founded in 1875. Nelore stock have been exported to many South American countries and the United States.
More than 100,000,000 cattle in Brazil have nelore blood, making them the majority breed in Brazil. This popularity came from parasite resistance and growth rates.