Definitions

Nanterre

Nanterre

[nahn-ter]
Nanterre, city (1990 pop. 86,627), capital of Hauts-de-Seine dept., N central France, on the right bank of the Seine River. It is an administrative and industrial center where metals, automobiles, electrical equipment, machine tools, and rolling stock are manufactured. In May, 1968, the Nanterre branch of the Univ. of Paris was the scene of student protests that spread to other areas and led to a national political crisis. The National Basilica of Ste Geneviève, with a 15th-century nave, is in Nanterre.
Nanterre is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 11.1 km. (6.9 miles) from the center of Paris.

Nanterre is the préfecture (capital) of the Hauts-de-Seine département, as well as the seat of the Arrondissement of Nanterre.

Eastern Nanterre, bordering communes of Courbevoie and Puteaux, contains a small part of the La Défense business district of Paris and some of the tallest buildings in the Paris region. Because the headquarters of many major corporations are located in La Défense, the court of Nanterre is well-known in the media for the number of high-profile lawsuits and trials that took place in it. The city of Nanterre also includes the University Paris X – Nanterre, one of the largest universities in the Paris region.

Name

The name Nanterre has a long history going back to before the Roman conquest of Gaul. The Romans recorded the name as Nemetodorum. This name is made of the Celtic word nemeto meaning "shrine", "sacred place", and of the Celtic word duros (cognate of English door and German Tür) meaning "door, gate", "fortress". The sacred place referred to in the name is supposed to be the famous shrine that existed in Antiquity on top of Mont-Valérien hill.

Inhabitants of Nanterre are called Nanterriennes (feminine) and Nanterriens (masculine).

History

Sainte Geneviève, patron of Paris, was born in Nanterre ca 419/422.

In 2002, a disgruntled local activist shot and killed eight town councillors in what the French press dubbed the Nanterre massacre.

Demographics

Immigration

Administration

Nanterre is divided into three cantons:

Transport

Nanterre is served by three stations on RER line A: Nanterre – Préfecture, Nanterre – Université, and Nanterre – Ville.

Nanterre - Préfecture station is also an interchange station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line.

See also

Twin towns

References

External links

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