is a commune
in the western suburbs of Paris
. It is located 11.1 km. (6.9 miles) from the center of Paris
Nanterre is the préfecture (capital) of the Hauts-de-Seine département, as well as the seat of the Arrondissement of Nanterre.
Eastern Nanterre, bordering communes of Courbevoie and Puteaux, contains a small part of the La Défense business district of Paris and some of the tallest buildings in the Paris region. Because the headquarters of many major corporations are located in La Défense, the court of Nanterre is well-known in the media for the number of high-profile lawsuits and trials that took place in it. The city of Nanterre also includes the University Paris X – Nanterre, one of the largest universities in the Paris region.
The name Nanterre has a long history going back to before the Roman conquest of Gaul
. The Romans recorded the name as Nemetodorum
. This name is made of the Celtic
meaning "shrine", "sacred place", and of the Celtic word duros
(cognate of English door
and German Tür
) meaning "door, gate", "fortress". The sacred place referred to in the name is supposed to be the famous shrine that existed in Antiquity on top of Mont-Valérien
Inhabitants of Nanterre are called Nanterriennes (feminine) and Nanterriens (masculine).
, patron of Paris, was born in Nanterre ca 419/422.
In 2002, a disgruntled local activist shot and killed eight town councillors in what the French press dubbed the Nanterre massacre.
Nanterre is divided into three cantons:
Nanterre is served by three stations on RER line A
: Nanterre – Préfecture
, Nanterre – Université
, and Nanterre – Ville
Nanterre - Préfecture station is also an interchange station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line.