There are several variations of the city's name. In Ukrainian, the city is named Микола́їв, for which the translation is Mykolaiv, also seldom Mykolayiv. The Russian name is Никола́ев, which translates to Nikolaev or Nikolayev.
Mykolaiv is the administrative center of the Mykolaiv Oblast (province), as well as that of both the Mykolaivsky and Zhovtnevy raions (districts) within the oblast. However, Mykolaiv is also a city of oblast subordinance, and is thus subject directly to the oblast authorities rather to the raion administration housed in the city itself.
Today Mykolaiv is a major ship building center of Ukraine (as, earlier, of the whole Soviet Union) and an important riverport. The city has 3 major shipyards some of which are capable of building large navy ships. Other important industries are mechanical engineering, power engineering, metallurgy and cosmetics.
The town was founded in 1789 by the Russian Governor General of Novorossiya Kniaz Potemkin initially as a shipyard called simply a New Shipyard on the Ingul river. Kniaz Potemkin signed an order to construct a shipyard on August 27, 1789, which is considered to be a city birth date. The shipyard was to serve for the repair of the Russian Navy ships in the Russo-Turkish war. Later Potemkin ordered the shipyard to be named Nikolaev to commemorate the date of fall of Ochakov to the Russian troops under his command on December 6, 1788, close to the day of Saint Nicholas (Nikolay) December 19, in the Russian Orthodox Church.
There are several universities in Mykolaiv. These include the Mykolaiv Pedagogical Institute, Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding and Petro Mohyla Mykolaiv State University.
In Mykolaiv region Minister of Defence Mikhail Yezhel will inspect the facilities of shipbuilding enterprises of Ukraine.
Mar 29, 2011; March 29 Minister of Defense of Ukraine, Mikhailo Yezhel arrived on a working visit to Mykolaiv region. At the military...