(lit. universal music
, or music of the spheres
) is an ancient philosophical
concept that regards proportions in the movements of celestial bodies
— the Sun
, and planets
— as a form of musica
(the Medieval Latin
name for music
). This 'music' is not literally audible, but simply a harmonic
concept. The Greek
mathematician and astronomer Pythagoras
is frequently credited with originating the concept, which stemmed from his semi-mystical
philosophy and its associated system of numerology
. According to Johannes Kepler
, the connection between geometry
(and sacred geometry
, and music
is through musica universalis
At the time, the Sun, Moon, and planets were thought to revolve around Earth in their proper spheres. The most thorough and imaginative description of the concept can be found in Dante's Divine Comedy. The spheres were thought to be related by the whole-number ratios of pure musical intervals, creating musical harmony. Johannes Kepler used the concept of the music of the spheres in his Harmonice Mundi in 1619, relating astrology (especially the astrological aspects) and harmonics.
The three branches of the Medieval concept of musica were presented by Boethius in his book De Musica:
In 2006, an experiment conducted by Greg Fox divided the orbital periods of the planets in half again and again until they were literally audible. The resultant piece was " Carmen of the Spheres". The principle of octaves in music states that, whenever a sound-wave is doubled or halved in frequency, it yields a super-octave or sub-octave pitch that is always perfectly consonant with the original one. This can be applied (through very large octave shifts) to any periodic cycle, such as the orbits of celestial bodies, to render an audible analogue.
Some Surat Shabda Yoga Satgurus
considered the music of the spheres to be a term synonymous with the Shabda
(also known as the Audible Life Stream
) in that tradition, because they considered Pythagoras
to be a Satguru as well.
According to Max Heindel
writings, the heavenly "music of the spheres" is heard in the Region of Concrete Thought
, the lower region of the World of Thought
, which is an ocean of harmony. It is also referred in Esoteric Christianity
that this is the place where it occurs the state of consciousness
called the "Second heaven."