The Musandam (مسندم) peninsula is an exclave of Oman, separated from the rest of the country by the United Arab Emirates. In the northern section of Musandam, around Kumzar, the current language is Kumzari, which is one of the south-western Iranian languages and a sub-branch of Persian. The Musandam Peninsula has an area of 1,800 square kilometers and a population of 28,727 people. Connectivity has traditionally been a problem for the region, but this has greatly improved since August 2008 with the world's fastest passenger ferry launching service between Muscat and Musandam.
Musandam Governorate has great strategic importance owing to its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz.