(Mor-Bihan) is a department
in the northwest of France
named after the Morbihan (small sea
), the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline.
Morbihan is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution
on March 4
. It was created from part of the former province of Brittany
Morbihan is part of the current region
and is surrounded by the departments of Finistère
, and Loire-Atlantique
, and the Atlantic Ocean
on the southwest.
The Gulf of Morbihan has many islands: 365 according to legend, but, in reality, between 30 and 40, according to how they are counted. There are also many islets which are too small to be built on. Of these islands, all but two are private: l'Île aux Moines and l'Île D'Arz. The others are privately owned, some by movie stars or fashion designers.
In the department of Morbihan, but outside the Gulf, there are four inhabited islands:
- Belle Île
- Meaban, just outside the Port du Crouesty is an ornithological reserve and it is forbidden to alight there.
The Breton language
is an important issue, with many advocating bilingual education.