The Morane-Borel monoplane (sometimes referred to with the retronym Morane-Saulnier Type A or simply the Morane monoplane) was an early French single-engine, single-seat aircraft. It was flown in several European air races.
The Monoplane was a conventional design for its day, a mid-wing monoplane
with fixed tailskid undercarriage
. The wooden framework of the rear fuselage
was left uncovered in some aircraft. Its powerplant
was a 50 hp rotary engine
driving a two-blade wooden propeller.
The Monoplane achieved fame when Jules Védrines
flew one to victory in the 1911 Paris
air race, the only competitor to finish the four-day course.
A float-equipped version flew in the round-Britain Hydro-Aeroplane trial of 1912. This led to the development of a two-seater, of which eight were purchased by the Royal Navy and used as spotter aircraft until the outbreak of World War I.
, a single example remains extant, undergoing conservation work at the Canada Aviation Museum