Monza (Munscia in Western Lombard) is a city on the river Lambro, a tributary of the Po, in the Lombardy region of Italy some 15km north-northeast of Milan. It is best known for its Grand Prix motor racing circuit, the Autodromo Nazionale Monza.
Since June 11, 2004 Monza has officially been designated the capital of the new province of Monza and Brianza. This new administrative arrangement will come fully into effect in 2009, and until then it will continue to be treated for many purposes as a comune within the province of Milan.
Monza also hosts a Department of the University of Milan Bicocca, a Court of Justice and several offices of regional administration.
|December 31, 2004||189.263 (metro area)||-|
|December 31, 2006||121.445 (+1,241 or +1.03%)||3.676,81/km²|
In 2000, the median annual temperature was 11.6°C. Its lowest winter average is 4°C, 14°C in the spring, 18.9°C in the summer and 9.7°C in the fall or autumn.
During the Roman Empire the town was known as Modicia.
The new queen ordered the construction near the River Lambro of an oraculum, a sort of little church, that today is part of the basilica of Saint John. Paul the Deacon, an 8th century historian of the Lombards, tells us about this, writing: "[...] Theudelinda regina basilicam costruxerat, qui locus supra Mediolanum duodecim milibus abest, [...]" ("Theodelinda built a queen basilica, whose position is twelve miles from Milan"). There is also an important legend that Theodelinda, asleep while her husband was hunting, saw in a dream a dove who told her : "Modo", Latin for "here", in order to say that she should build the oraculum in that place, and the queen answered "etiam", meaning "yes". So from the two words "modo" and "etiam", following the legend, would have derived "Modoetia", the medieval name of Monza.
The first rail road built in North Italy was the Milan and Monza Rail Road opened for service on August 17th,1840.
Monza is famous for its Romanesque-Gothic Duomo of Saint John. There Theodelinda's centrally-planned Greek-cross oraculum ("chapel of prayer") of ca 595 (its foundations remaining under the crossing of nave and transept) was enlarged at the close of the 13th century by enclosing the former atrium within the building. The fine black and-white marble arcaded facade was erected in the mid-14th century by Matteo da Campione. The campanile was erected in 1606 to designs by Pellegrino Tibaldi. In the frescoed Chapel of Theodelinda is the Iron Crown of Lombardy, supposed to contain one of the nails used at the Crucifixion. The treasury also contains the crown, fan and gold comb of Theodelinda, and, as well as Gothic crosses and reliquaries, a golden hen and seven chickens, representing Lombardy and her seven provinces. Though the interior has suffered changes, there is a fine relief by Matteo da Campione representing a royal Lombard coronation, and some 15th-century frescoes with scenes from the life of Theodelinda.
The historical centre also contains the church of Santa Maria in Strada, with a rich terra-cotta facade of 1393, and the Broletto or Arengario, the 14th-century palace of the civic commune, raised on an arcade of pointed arches, with a tall square machiolated tower terminating in a sharp central cone.
Nearby, the royal villa (Villa Reale) originally built by Piermarini in 1777 for the archduke Ferdinand of Austria, lies on the banks of the Lambro, surrounded by its park, one of the largest enclosed parks in Europe.
Other villas includes the Mirabello, Mirabellino, Durini, Crivelli Mesmer, Prata, Archinto Pennati, Calloni and Carminati.
Monza is known internationally for the Autodromo Nazionale Monza motor racing circuit, home to the Italian Grand Prix, and previously to the Alfa Romeo team. The circuit is inside the "Parco di Monza", a park that is double the size of New York's Central Park.
Monza is also known for the "Villa Reale", a Habsburg family residence built in 1777.
In 2006 Monza hosted the World Cyber Games tournament.
In 2005, July, Monza hosted the "International Gran Galà Marching Show Bands" at Stadio Brianteo (with the USA band Blue Devils, 11 times WMSB Champion of the World). They will be hosting this event again in July of 2008.
Every few minutes, trains travel between Monza and Milano via the Suburban Railway (Line S9) and via local trains that connected Monza to Lecco, Como/Chiasso (CH) and Bergamo/Brescia. Also some Eurocity trains stop in Monza. In the beginning of 2008 work will be started for the expansion of Subway Line MM1 from Milano/Sesto San Giovanni to Monza Bettola.
MONZA: Pièces modernes pour le clavecin: Suites in E, c, D, C. Prelude and Fugue in f/ MONARI: Prelude and Fugue/ PASQUINI: Toccata con lo scherzo del cucco.
May 01, 2010; Monza Pièces modernes pour le clavecin: Suites in E, c, D, C. Prelude and Fugue in f. MONARI Prelude and Fugue. PASQUINI...