Montgomery County (county code MG) is a county located in southeast Kansas, in the Central United States. The population was 36,252 at the 2000 census, and it was estimated to be in the year . Its county seat is Independence, and its most populous city is Coffeyville.
The Coffeyville Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Montgomery County.
When Kansas was admitted to the Union as a state in 1861, the Osage Indian reservation occupied a large tract of land near the southern border. The reservation had been established in 1825. After the Civil War ended, the Osage lands were coveted as the largest and last reserve of good land in the eastern part of the state. As early as 1866, the Osages were forced to cede tracts at the eastern and northern edges of the reservation. This treaty conceded white settlement on land in the eastern part of what is now Montgomery County. For a brief time, the Osages attempted to maintain a boundary at the Verdigris River. The Verdigris flows from north to south through the center of Montgomery County. From the west the Elk River joins the Verdigris at a confluence slightly northwest of the geographical center of the county. In 1867 Frank and Fred Bunker established a primitive cattle camp on the west side of the Verdigris south of the confluence. Like the Osages, the Bunkers thought they were beyond the boundaries of civilization. Early in 1869, however, settlers began to cross the Verdigris River, "at first under protest of the Indians, but the immense throng of settlers soon made all protests futile." Montgomery County was surveyed and organized in 1869; the governor appointed commissioners June 3.
Montgomery County's population was estimated to be in the year , .
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 36,252 people, 14,903 households, and 9,955 families residing in the county. The population density was 56 people per square mile (22/km²). There were 17,207 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.77% White, 6.07% Black or African American, 3.19% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, and 3.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.08% of the population.
There were 14,903 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.20% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,997, and the median income for a family was $38,516. Males had a median income of $29,745 versus $20,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,421. About 9.20% of families and 12.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.
/km² (/sq mi)
| Land area|
km² (sq mi)
| Water area|
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Caney||10400||1,244||7 (18)||176 (68)||1 (0)||0.30%|
|Cherokee||12850||541||5 (14)||100 (39)||0 (0)||0 %|
|Cherry||12875||517||5 (13)||103 (40)||0 (0)||0.10%|
|Drum Creek||18700||537||6 (15)||92 (35)||0 (0)||0.15%|
|Fawn Creek||23325||2,036||11 (30)||179 (69)||0 (0)||0.06%|
|Independence||33900||2,342||14 (37)||163 (63)||5 (2)||2.85%|
|Liberty||40275||473||4 (11)||113 (44)||0 (0)||0.19%|
|Louisburg||42900||629||3 (9)||185 (71)||1 (1)||0.75%|
|Parker||54525||1,212||18 (47)||66 (26)||0 (0)||0.37%|
|Rutland||61925||302||2 (4)||185 (71)||2 (1)||0.86%|
|Sycamore||69750||835||5 (13)||169 (65)||7 (3)||3.86%|
|West Cherry||76825||239||2 (6)||102 (39)||0 (0)||0.05%|
|Sources: Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. .|