A presidential election was held in Montenegro on 6 April 2008; it was the country's first since independence. According to a compromise with the opposition, local elections in Herceg-Novi and Tivat were held at the same time. The law on presidential elections was passed on 27 December 2007. Candidates needed to collect the signatures of 1.5% of registered voters. The OSCE oversaw the election. There were 490,412 eligible voters, which was around four thousand more than the parliamentary election in late 2006.
The ruling Democratic Party of Socialists nominated the current president of Montenegro, Filip Vujanović. He was supported by DPS' coalition partner, the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro, as well as the Croatian Civic Initiative
After proposals for a common candidate of the opposition failed, all opposition currents nominated their own Presidents as candidates.
Andrija Mandić, the leader of the Serb People's Party, was nominated as a common candidate of the Serb List political alliance. He held demonstrations in the nation's capital of Podgorica on 24 February 2008 against Kosovo's recent unilateral declaration of independence.
The Movement for Changes nominated its leader Nebojša Medojević, and the Socialist People's Party of Montenegro chose Srđan Milić, leader of the party, as their candidate. . Medojević was also supported by the Albanian Alternative and the New Democratic Power – FORCA.
The Bosniak Party decided, like two Albanian minority parties, to abstain from endorsing any candidate. The Albanian Alternative supports Medojević, accusing Milo's regime of terror and disrespect of ethnic Albanians. The People's Party decided unanimously on 3 February 2008 that it would not participate in the election, but it supported the two opposition candidates that represent parties of the former pro-Serbian bloc.
Professor Blagota Mitrić of the Faculty of Law of University of Montenegro had announced that he would run for president, yet he did not manage to collect enough signatures to become an official candidate. This is also the case with Dragan Hajduković, an ecologist who has been a regular participant in the past presidential runs.
Vasilije Miličković, President of the Association of Minority Shareholders of the Montenegrin Electric Enterprise, had announced that he would run for president as an independent candidate only if former president and premier Milo Đukanović ran for that position.
Polls and analysts claimed Vujanović would most surely win the largest number of votes and face-off with Medojevic in the second round. Since Vujanovic won over 50 percent of the vote in the first round there was no need for a runoff.
According to another poll made by IPRES:
CEDEM conducted a final poll, just before the election:
Turnout - 332,800 (67.9%)
CDT published the next day their final results of the election:
Turnout - 68.7%:
The State Electoral Commission published final official results on 10 April:
Turnout - 68.2%, invalid - 1.4%
Nebojša Medojević of PzP
| Movement for Changes, has nominated Nebojša Medojević|
Supported by: Albanian Alternative, New Democratic Power – FORCA, Bosniak Party
Slogan: Da nam služi na čast (To Serve Us in Honor), 'Svi za jednog, jedan za sve! (All for One, One for All!'')
Andrija Mandić of SL
| Serbian List, has nominated Andrija Mandić|
Slogan: Samo najbolji smije (Only the Best Can), Za sve nas (For Us All)
Srđan Milić of SNP CG
| Socialist People's Party of Montenegro, has nominated Srđan Milić|
Slogan: Vrijeme je za pravdu (It is Time for Justice)
Filip Vujanović of DPS CG
| Democratic Party of Socialists, has nominated Filip Vujanović|
Supported by: Socialdemocratic Party of Montenegro, Croatian Civic Initiative, Democratic Union of Albanians, Democratic Community of Muslims Bosniacs in Montenegro
Slogan: Bez dileme (Without Dilemma)