The Mohmand Agency
) is a district in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas
created in 1951. Before that, the Mohmand Tribes were administered by the Deputy Commissioner based in Peshawar
, North-West Frontier Province
. However it was not until 1973 that the headquarters of the Mohmand agency were moved from Peshawar to Ekkagund. Now, the permanent agency headquarters is at Ghalanai, deep in the Mohmand agency. There is scant rainfall and little irrigated land, a factor responsible for the large demographic movements of the Mohmands to the fertile lands of Charsadda
districts to the east.
Sher Alam Mahsud is the "political agent" (or governor) of Mohmand as of July 2007.
The one-story, 110-bed hospital in Ghalanai was nearly empty when a New York Times reporter visited in July 2007. According to the reporter, three beds were in use; transportation to the hospital was so difficult that only women who could walk there would show up; doctors quit because of low pay and lack of security; the hospital lacked equipment. Water was trucked in every other day. Women who come to the hospital are "very much anemic", without money, illiterate and ignorant about family planning. An $11 million project funded by the United States government and run by Save the Children trains Pakistani doctors to in turn train health care workers who will go into the field and train traditional health assistants on more modern health-care methods. For security reasons, the training is done in Peshawar, beyond the agency's borders. The program was expected to do some work in the hospital as well.
- According to the 1998 census the population was 334,453 - with a population density of 171 persons per square kilometre
Mohmand is bounded by Bajaur Agency
to the north, Khyber Agency
to the south, Malakand and Charsadda districts to the east and Peshawer district to the south east.
Total Population of Mohmand Agency is about(600000)
The agency is inhabited by many tribes, mostly the Mohmands
, the Musa Khel
, Daud Khel
, Mero Khel
, Tarak Zai
, Utman Khel
, and Halim Zais
. The Safis, because of their association with the Mohmand, are also called Safi Mohmands. It has been divided in upper Mohmand and lower Mohmand. The central bazaar of Safi is Lakaro. The Safi tribe has been divided into four subtribes
Tarakzai tribe living in the lower Mohmand from Ekka Ghund to Michanai up to Daudzai. In Tarak zai sub tribe are Dado Khel, Qasim Khel, Bran Khel and Issa Khel. The most populars sub tribe of Dado Khel is Morcha Khel Known as Khanan living in near to Kabul River in Daud zai also.Morcha Khel tribe was come from Lalpura in the 1st time during British Government as a Lashkar from Lalpura after fighting with British Government they shifted to Daud Zai Area. The Chief of Morcha Khels tribe are Mughal Khan, Jogani Area and Sardar Khan, Murad Khan, Asaf Khan and Farid Khan Morcha Khel these three brother were living in Michanai Area.
The Tarakzai tribe are concentrated in the lower Mohmand from Ekka Ghund to Michni up to Daudzai, they are a well educated tribe settled at the gate of the Mohmand Agency. The sub-tribes of the Tarak Zai are Dado Khel, Qasim Khel, Bran Khel and Issa Khel. The most popular leader in Mohmand Agency was Malik Haji Dalel Khan Tharakzai of Qasim Khel who was considered to be the Chief of Mohmands and was an intelligent experienced Malik among FATA. The most numerous sub tribe of Dado Khel are the Morcha Khel (Khanan) who are settled near to the Kabul River in Daud Zai. The Morcha Khel tribe came from Lalpura in the first in Michanai area and after arrival they shifted to the Daudzai area. The Safi were the last of the Pakhtoons to have accepted Islam. The Safis are not Mohmands but live in Mohmand agency.
887 square miles (2296 Sq. Miles) which is mostly hilly and mountainous with little portion of plane land. The reported area of agricultural land is 2296 hectares out of which 19.6 hectares has been brought under cultivation. The irrigated area is 6.6 hectares and forests have been grown over 8.0 hectares. Most of the agricultural land is rain fed, having insufficient rainfall; the agriculture produce is very low.But in lower Mohmand area i.e Michanai area of Tarakzai is best agriculture are near to Kabul river tribe living Morcha Khel. Morcha Khel tribe is a land lord tribe in Mohmands.
The Emerging Militancy in Pakistan's Mohmand Agency