is a county
located in the U.S. state
of West Virginia
. As of 2000, the population was 28,253. Its county seat
. Created in 1895, Mingo County is West Virginia's most recently established county.
It is named for the Mingo Native American
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of 424 square miles
), of which, 423 square miles (1,095 km²) of it is land and 1 square miles (3 km²) of it (0.24%) is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 28,253 people, 11,303 households, and 8,217 families residing in the county. The population density
was 67 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 12,898 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.39% White
, 2.34% Black
or African American
, 0.24% Native American
, 0.21% Asian
, 0.02% Pacific Islander
, 0.06% from other races
, and 0.74% from two or more races. 0.48% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 11,303 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 12.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $21,347, and the median income for a family was $26,581. Males had a median income of $31,660 versus $18,038 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,445. About 25.90% of families and 29.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.90% of those under age 18 and 18.60% of those age 65 or over.
Mingo County is the newest county in the state, formed by an act of the state legislature
in 1895 from parts of Logan County
. Its founding was related to a legal protest by a moonshiner
, who claimed that the Logan County Court that had found him guilty did not have jurisdiction over his case, because his still was actually located in Lincoln County
. A land survey was taken and discovered that the defendant was correct. The charges were then refiled in Lincoln County court. Although the moonshiner was ultimately found guilty of his crime, the state legislature was made aware of the situation and determined that Logan County was too large for the expeditious administration of justice and decided to create a new county, called Mingo. The county was named in honor of the Mingo Native American
tribe, which had been the earliest known settlers of the region.
The attempt to unionize coal miners in the county in the 1920s led to the Battle of Blair Mountain in neighboring Logan County.
Cities and towns
Incorporated cities and towns