Milvus is a genus of medium-sized birds of prey. It is an Old World group consisting of three kites which form part of the subfamily Milvinae. Its systematics are under revision; it contains 3-4 species.
Allozyme data indicates that the genetic diversity in both Black and Red Kites is rather low (Schreiber et al. 2000). Successful hybridization between Milvus kites is fairly commonplace, making mtDNA analyses unreliable to resolve the genus' phylogeny. Furthermore, there is no good correlation between molecular characters and biogeography and morphology in the Red Kite due to very incomplete lineage sorting.
The Yellow-billed Kite is apparently a good species, as indicated by mtDNA phylogeny, biogeography, and morphology. The Black-eared Kite is somewhat distinct morphologically, but is better considered a well-marked parapatric subspecies. The status of the Cape Verde Kite is in doubt; while not a completely monophyletic lineage according to mtDNA data, it is still best regarded as a distinct species. Whatever its status, this population is extinct.
J Wildl Dis: Isolation and identification of a fowl adenovirus from wild black kites (Milvus migrans).(Author abstract)(Reprint)(Report)
Mar 01, 2010; A fowl adenovirus was isolated from wild black kites (Milvus migrans) that died around Kashipur, Uttarakhand, India. This...
Avian Dis.: fungal airsacculitis associated with multiple helminth infestations in a black-eared kite (Milvus migrans).(Reprint)(Report)(Brief article)
Sep 01, 2010; A young, female black-eared kite was rescued from a small reservoir adjacent to a rice paddy in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. The...