The Division was organized on October 16 1863 to consist of the Departments of the Ohio, the Tennessee, and the Cumberland, which embraced all of the Union armies stationed between the Mississippi River and the Appalachian Mountains. On January 31 1865, the Department of North Carolina was added. On February 10 1865, the Department of Kentucky was added. On April 19 1865, the portions of the Department of North Carolina that were not occupied by William T. Sherman at the time were transferred to the Military Division of the James. The Division was reconstituted on June 27 1865 to include the Departments of the Ohio, the Missouri, and Arkansas. The Department of the Platte was added on March 26 1866. The Military Division of the Mississippi was discontinued on August 6 1866.
The Division of the Mississippi was victorious at the Battle of Chattanooga in November 1863, effectively routing the Confederate armies in Tennessee. When General Grant was called East by Lincoln to command all the Union armies, he was succeeded as head of the Division by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman. Under Sherman, the Division invaded the state of Georgia, capturing Atlanta in September 1864 and then marching to the port of Savannah. As commander of the Division, General Sherman issued his Special Field Orders, No. 15 in January 1865. He then led the march through the Carolinas that culminated with the successful Battle of Bentonville and the surrender in April 1865, by General Joseph E. Johnston, of all the Confederate armies in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida.
|Commander||From||To||Major Battles, Campaigns|
|Major General Ulysses S. Grant|| October 16 1863|
(assumed October 18)
|March 18 1864||Battle of Chattanooga|
|Major General William T. Sherman||March 18 1864||August 6 1866||Atlanta Campaign, Savannah Campaign, Carolinas Campaign, Franklin-Nashville Campaign|
AMERICAN HISTORY Frailty and valor on a photographic plate Medford trove of Civil War photos starkly captures the battles and the people
Apr 25, 1993; One hundred and twenty-eight years after the last shots of the Civil War were fired, historians continue to chronicle and analyze...