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Michael_Vaughan

Michael Vaughan

Michael Paul Vaughan OBE (born 29 October 1974 in Eccles, Salford, England) is a cricketer for Yorkshire and England. A classically elegant right-handed batsman and useful occasional off-spinner, Vaughan was ranked the best batsman in the world following the 2002/3 Ashes, in which he scored 633 runs, including three centuries. Vaughan generally opens the batting, and forged a successful opening partnership with Marcus Trescothick, though he has often batted in the middle order for England. Known for his shrewd captaincy and man-management skills, Vaughan captained England in 51 Tests between 2003 and 2008, winning 26 (a national record) and losing 11; England won all seven home Tests of the 2004 summer under Vaughan, and the pinnacle of his captaincy career came with a 2–1 victory in the 2005 Ashes, England's first Ashes victory since 1986/7. However, a recurring knee injury, his decision to move down the batting order to accommodate other openers (Andrew Strauss and Alastair Cook) and the pressures of captaincy have taken their toll on Vaughan during the latter part of his career: in Tests he averaged an outstanding 50.95 when not captain, and only 36.02 as captain.

Early and personal life

Michael Vaughan was born 29 October 1974 in Eccles, Salford, the younger son of Graham and Dee Vaughan. He is the great-grandson of one of the sisters of early twentieth century Lancashire and England cricketers Johnny Tyldesley and Ernest Tyldesley. The family moved to Sheffield, South Yorkshire when he was nine. His father, an engineer, had captained the Worsley third XI, and Vaughan says "My first memory of cricket is when I was 10 years old, hitting balls on the boundary while my dad was playing for Worsley in the Manchester Association League. However, it was his brother David (currently working as an estate agent), older by two years, who got him into the game.

He attended Silverdale School, and was enthusiastic about football, later reflecting, "I'd have probably preferred to be a footballer if I could have been good enough. But my knees would never have lasted. He started playing cricket for the school side and it was here he first caught the eye of Doug Padgett, the Yorkshire coach. He also began his love of Sheffield Wednesday Football Club.

Vaughan lives with his wife Nichola (née Shannon, married on 27 September 2003) and their two children, Tallula Grace (born June 2004) and Archie Matthew (born December 2005), in Baslow, Derbyshire.

In 2006 Vaughan bought a house valued at £1million on a luxury golf course development in Barbados and another on Isla Margarita.

County career

Vaughan, now living in Derbyshire, turned up as a child to watch Yorkshire playing at Sheffield. During the tea break, he was playing on the outfield with his friends when (then) Yorkshire head coach Doug Padgett spotted him, and approached him about joining the County.

Unfortunately, Vaughan was born in Manchester, and at the time Yorkshire had a strict policy of only picking players that were born in Yorkshire. Years later, when the rule was removed, Doug Padgett re-investigated the young player, and offered him a place at the Yorkshire academy.

International career

A batsman and occasional off spinner, Vaughan began playing professional cricket aged 17, and captained the England Under-19 cricket team on tour against Sri Lanka in 1993/4 and at home against India in 1994. He made his Test debut for England in South Africa in November 1999, and came to the crease for his first Test innings with England in the parlous state of two wickets down for two runs; within an over this had become four wickets down for two runs. He made a composed 33, and shared a partnership of 56 with Andrew Flintoff.

In May 2001 he scored his first Test Century against Pakistan at Old Trafford. In December 2001, in Bangalore, Vaughan became the second Englishman, after Graham Gooch, and the 7th and most recent player in Test match history, to be given out handled the ball in Tests: on 64, he brushed away a ball from Sarandeep Singh, and was given out on appeal.

In 2002, Vaughan scored 900 runs in seven Tests against Sri Lanka and India. This included 115 against Sri Lanka at Lord's during the first Test. During the series against India he scored a duck and 100 during the first Test at Lord's, and his highest innings score to date of 197 against India during the second Test at Nottingham where he also took 3 wickets including the prized scalp of Sachin Tendulkar and during the fourth Test he scored 195 against India, again falling just short of a double-century. Later that year the English cricket team travelled to Australia for the 2002-03 Ashes series. It was here that Vaughan's career seemed to launch.

He started poorly in the first Test at Brisbane with scores of 33 and 0, but in the second Test in Adelaide he would improve on this with 177 and 41. During the fourth Test at Melbourne he made an aggressive 145. In the fifth and final Test at Sydney, Vaughan scored a match-winning 183 before being given out (wrongfully) lbw to Andy Bichel, as replays showed that not only was the ball missing leg stump but it was going over the stumps by a fair margin.

He became the first visiting batsman for 32 years to score over 600 runs in a Test match series in Australia and the first Englishman to make 3 Test hundreds in a series against Australia since Chris Broad. In total, he scored 1,481 Test runs in 2002, the sixth highest for a calendar year in Test history (trailing the likes of Mohammad Yousuf's 1788 in 2006, Viv Richards's 1,710 in 1976 and Ricky Ponting's 1,544 in 2005). This run of form made Vaughan the number one batsman in the world according to the ICC rankings, the first Englishman to achieve this since Graham Gooch.

Vaughan followed with a 156 against South Africa at Edgbaston in 2003. He was appointed Test captain in the next match, after Nasser Hussain stepped down. At the point at which he took over the England captaincy, Vaughan had a Test batting average of 50.98.

England captaincy

Vaughan's limited-overs batting had not lived up to his success in Tests: indeed, despite a total of 86 matches played, he has still never made a one-day international century. His highest ODI score is 90 not out, which he made off 99 balls against Zimbabwe. In spite of this, on May 6, 2003, Vaughan was appointed captain of the England One Day International team, Nasser Hussain choosing to step down after the 2003 World Cup. In July, he also took over from Hussain the captaincy of the Test side. He suddenly became captain of the England Test team on July 28, 2003, after scoring 156 in the first Test against South Africa, when Nasser Hussain resigned after England had narrowly clung on for a draw. The England team promptly lost his first Test in charge by an innings and 215 runs, but went on to level the series 2-2.

Vaughan's batting initially suffered under the increased pressures of captaincy; in his first twelve matches as captain, his batting average was only 30.31. However, under Vaughan's captaincy, the England side became one of the most successful sides in world cricket. He benefited from the revolution begun by coach Duncan Fletcher and former captain Nasser Hussain, such as the awarding of central contracts to the core England players, and continued to forge a winning team. In 2003, after the drawn series against South Africa, England toured South Asia, beating Bangladesh but losing to Sri Lanka. But in 2004, England were unbeaten, winning eleven matches and drawing two, including an England record of eight consecutive victories. They beat the West Indies away for the first time since 1968. They then won all seven home Tests against New Zealand and the West Indies, before beating South Africa away for the first time since 1965. In the 2005 home season, England easily beat Bangladesh in a two-Test series, before facing Australia for the Ashes. Following a series defeat to South Africa, an emotional Vaughan stepped down as England captain on August 3, 2008 before the final test at the Oval, thanking those closest to him for their support.

Ashes 2005

Hopes were high for the Ashes after the success of the previous eighteen months, but expectations were moderated by the knowledge that Australia had been the best team in the world for many years. Australian captain Ricky Ponting called for a catching pact, where batsmen would accept the word of fielders as to whether they were caught, but this was rejected by Vaughan who preferred to leave it to the umpires. The build-up was long and intense, with press speculation over the ability of many players, leading Vaughan to say: "Both sets of players are sick and tired of talking about the Ashes. We've got a young group of players who are excited by the challenge, and it's a challenge we are all looking forward to.

In the first Test, at Lord's, England were easily beaten; Vaughan performed very poorly scoring only 3 and 4. Analysis of Vaughan's batting showed that over the last 30 months he had averaged only 37.77, and lacked consistency with a poor defensive technique. Despite his lack of form, he turned down the opportunity of playing county cricket for Yorkshire against Derbyshire, preferring to work in the nets with Duncan Fletcher. He returned, however, for their match against Kent, making 116 not out, and taking 2/42. He captained England to a narrow two-run victory in the second Test to level the series, but again scored poorly with only 24 and 1.

By the third test, Vaughan's poor run of form was attracting increasing criticism. But during the third Test at Old Trafford he answered the critics, albeit with a bit of luck during a Glenn McGrath over. In the second ball of the over, when Vaughan was on 41, he cut hard at a wide delivery from McGrath and Gilchrist allowed it to slip through his gloves and run away for four runs. The very next ball McGrath clean bowled Vaughan with a superb off cutter, but this was in vain as the umpire called a no-ball for overstepping the line. Vaughan went on to strike 166, punishing in particular the lacklustre bowling of Jason Gillespie. Vaughan was eventually caught by Glenn McGrath off a full-toss delivery from occasional slow left-armer Simon Katich. However, his opposing captain, Ponting, was equal to the task and made 156 as Australia clung on for the draw. Vaughan made 58 in the first innings of the fourth Test, but was out for a duck in the second, as England struggled in reaching their target of 129, eventually reaching it with three wickets to spare.

In the fifth Test, he scored 11 and 45, as it ended in a draw, allowing England to claim The Ashes for the first time since Mike Gatting's side in the 1986–87 series in Australia.

The England team were widely lauded after winning the Ashes. Tens of thousands of people lined the route of their open-top bus parade through London, with around 25,000 gathering in Trafalgar Square, their final destination. Although Vaughan's batting (except at Old Trafford) had been relatively ordinary, his shrewd captaincy was widely lauded, with Vaughan's management of his key allrounder Andrew Flintoff eliciting comparison with the captain-allrounder partnership of Mike Brearley and Ian Botham during the 1981 Ashes. Vaughan was given the freedom of his home city of Sheffield in honour of his achievements. In the New Year Honours, Vaughan became an OBE for his successful captaincy; the rest of the side were appointed MBEs.

Injury troubles

A knee injury ruled Vaughan out of the first Test of England's tour of Pakistan in late 2005. He played in the next two, scoring a half-century in the third, as England lost the series 2–0. This broke England's unbeaten run of six consecutive Test series, which had taken them to second in the ICC Test Championship.

Vaughan missed almost the entire 2006 season due to injuries related to his knee; he was unable to play Test series against India and Sri Lanka. Although initially hopeful of a return, he was also unfit to play in the 2006/07 Ashes series in Australia, which England lost 5–0. On January 9, 2007, Vaughan made his first international appearance in over a year, captaining England to defeat in a Twenty20 match against Australia, despite scoring 27 off 21 balls. He captained England for the first two ODIs of 2006–07 Commonwealth Bank Series, a defeat to Australia and a victory over New Zealand, before a torn hamstring forced him to miss the next five games. He returned on February 6, 2007, leading England into the finals with a 14-run victory over New Zealand, although Vaughan was out for a golden duck. Two days later, he was forced to miss the best-of-three finals and return to England, after aggravating the same hamstring injury.

In October, Vaughan signed a rolling contract with Yorkshire C.C.C., which keeps him there for the rest of his career; the deal only takes effect after his central contract with England ends.

World Cup 2007

Despite injury concerns, on 14 February 2007, Vaughan was selected in the final 15 for the 2007 Cricket World Cup in the Caribbean, and confirmed as captain. He captained the team through Group C with victories over Canada and Kenya and a defeat to New Zealand, scoring 45, 1 and 26. During the Super Eight stage of the tournament, Vaughan produced a series of poor innings as England continued to underperform; they were knocked out with one match remaining having never looked convincing. After their penultimate match, in which they were soundly beaten by South Africa, Vaughan said "It's a very sad day for English cricket. It's a horrible feeling to walk off and be booed by a lot of English supporters, and rightfully so from the performance we put in. I fully expected us to turn up and produce something, but we didn't and we have to accept all the criticism that comes our way. In The Guardian, Mike Selvey said Vaughan's "selection without proof of form or fitness was a gamble and it has failed. Former England cricketer Bob Willis called for Vaughan to be axed as captain.

In England's final game against the West Indies, Vaughan was the pick of the bowlers with figures of 3/39 from 10 overs, and scored a quick-fire 79 off 68 as England achieved a narrow victory with just one wicket and one ball remaining.

2007 Season

After being released for county action on his return, Vaughan found form with 72 for Yorkshire against Hampshire at the Rose Bowl. However, in the second innings of that match he was again injured; this time with a broken finger, received as he tried to evade a Stuart Clark delivery. This ruled him out of the first test against the West Indies on May 17. He recovered for the second test, his first for 18 months, and scored 103 in an emphatic victory of an innings and 283 runs; in The Guardian, Selvey described the innings as a "masterpiece", and said "Vaughan came as close to perfection as ever he can have done.

When England defeated the West Indies in the third test at Old Trafford, Vaughan surpassed Peter May as the man who had led England to most Test victories, with 21 wins.

Despite this, at the end of the 4th day of the fourth test, it was announced that Vaughan would be standing down as captain of the one-day team with immediate effect. On 30 July, against India Vaughan hit his 5000th test cricket run at Trent Bridge, and eventually fell to an unlucky dimissal off the thigh pad for 124. On 15 September, Vaughan top-scored for Yorkshire Phoenix with 95 runs against Derbyshire Phantoms (his highest one-day score in two years), thus firing them to victory in the county's last Pro40 match of the season.

Sri Lanka and New Zealand

Vaughan failed to make a significant score in Sri Lanka as he opened for England with Cook. He then traveled to New Zealand with great optimism, however in the 3 match test series, he again failed to make an impact, scoring a gritty 63 in the first test defeat and averaging 20.05. Although, he did lead England to a first away series win in 3 years. There were many calls for Vaughan's place in the side to be reassessed, nothing in Vaughan's 135 from six domestic innings in 2008 to quieten them. He acknowledged his need for runs, but remained upbeat about his own position and abouts England's chances in the 2009 Ashes series. Jonathan Agnew, however, observed that Vaughan could ill afford another poor series. Vaughan answered his critics in the first test, however, scoring his eighteenth century when he hit 106 from 214 deliveries. This was his first century against New Zealand, and his sixth at Lord's, the latter equalling the record set by Graham Gooch.

South Africa

Following his century in the first test of the summer against New Zealand, Vaughan again struggled with form in the second series of the summer against South Africa, scoring just 2,0 and 21 in the first two test matches of the series. With the team also performing poorly, and with questions being raised over selection issues, Vaughan again came under pressure going into the third test at Edgbaston. He scored a golden duck as the team capitulated to 231 all out on the first day of the test, leading to much criticism from the media, particularly Geoffrey Boycott, who stated on Test Match Special "On his performances he doesn't deserve to play ... Vaughan, I've said for a long time, is not playing well ... There's something wrong - I don't know whether it's his eyesight or what". After defeat at Edgbaston, which meant that England would lose the series, Michael Vaughan stepped down as England captain after five years in charge due to the team's recent lack of wins. He also decided to make himself unavailable for the final test at the Oval, saying that he will return to play for Yorkshire and try to concentrate on his batting. Vaughan said that he had not been himself at home and that this vital decision would prolong his career. He was aware that if he carried on being England Captain his career could have ended in an abrupt way.

Bowling style

Vaughan's unique Off Spin bowling is occasionly used in international matches, especially when the light is bad, or England's main bowlers are tired. Vaughan has a very unique style of off breaks. He tends to loop the ball up, very high into the air so that it pitches about two feet in front of the batsman. This unique style of bowling can be effective in One Day Internationals as the flight can tempt the batsman to try and hit the ball hard resulting a catch.

Awards

Vaughan was chosen as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 2003 and became the first cricketer ever to be featured on the cover of the 140th edition of cricket's Bible Wisden (in the same year) after his excellent batting in 2002. In August 2005, the Sheffield Hallam University honoured him with an honorary doctorate for his services towards the game. September 2005 saw him being awarded the Freedom of the City of Sheffield after captaining England to victory in The Ashes.

In December 2005, the England cricket team was awarded the BBC Sports Personality of the Year Team Award. Vaughan was nominated for the Sports Personality of the Year individual award, but that went to his team-mate, Andrew Flintoff. On 31 December 2005, the entire Ashes-winning England cricket team was awarded the Queen's New Years' Honours, with Vaughan, team coach Duncan Fletcher and manager Phil Neale being honoured with OBEs and the rest of the side being awarded MBEs. He was also nominated in the Captain of the Year category for the 2006 ICC Awards (eventually awarded to Sri Lanka's Mahela Jayawardene) which was held in Mumbai on 3 November 2006. The following year, Vaughan was named in the Test Team of the Year at the 2007 ICC Awards.

Autobiographies

In November 2005, Michael released his book 'Calling The Shots' which describes man-management of the team as captain and his time as the England cricket captain so far. It also describes his fractious relationship with the South African captain Graeme Smith. Vaughan alleged that Smith called him 'queer' and fellow team-mate Andrew Flintoff a 'big baby'. Moreover Smith acted as a witness during the trial of Vaughan's case with match-referee Clive Lloyd, where Vaughan had mildly rebuked the umpires for having called off play in bright conditions the previous day during a test match in Johannesburg, South Africa, which resulted in Vaughan being fined his entire match-fee. Afterwards he started referring to Smith as 'The Witness', and also accused him of playing to the cameras.

Vaughan had earlier written another book 'A Year in the Sun: The Captain's story', in which he describes his phenomenal and fortuitous year of 2002-03, experiencing Bradmanesque-form, plundering seven centuries in 12 Tests, en route to become the world's best Test batsman that year. He also describes his experiences as an England cricketer, bowling out Sachin Tendulkar (one of the finest players in the modern game) and the controversial World Cup in Zimbabwe, which led to England forfeiting important points and eventually any chance they had of winning. Vaughan's appointment as England captain after the 2003 World Cup brought a new fresh spirit and life in the England dressing room, leading to instant success in the one-day arena. Nasser Hussain resigned as England Test captain shortly after - and Vaughan took charge in Tests as well.

Achievements

Test matches

Career centuries:
Michael Vaughan's Test Centuries
Runs Match Against City/Country Venue Year
[1] 120 11 Pakistan Manchester, England Old Trafford 2001
[2] 115 17 Sri Lanka London, England Lords Cricket Ground 2002
[3] 100 20 India London, England Lords Cricket Ground 2002
[4] 197 21 India Nottingham, England Trent Bridge 2002
[5] 195 23 India London, England The Oval 2002
[6] 177 25 Australia Adelaide, Australia Adelaide Oval 2002
[7] 145 27 Australia Melbourne, Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground 2002
[8] 183 28 Australia Sydney, Australia Sydney Cricket Ground 2003
[9] 156 31 South Africa Birmingham, England Edgbaston Cricket Ground 2003
[10] 105 39 Sri Lanka Kandy, Sri Lanka Asgiriya Stadium 2003
[11] 140 44 West Indies St Johns, Antigua Antigua Recreation Ground 2004
[12] 103 47 West Indies London, England Lord's Cricket Ground 2004
[13] 101* 47 West Indies London, England Lord's Cricket Ground 2004
[14] 120 56 Bangladesh London, England Lord's Cricket Ground 2005
[15] 166 60 Australia Manchester, England Old Trafford 2005
[16] 103 65 West Indies Leeds, England Headingley Stadium 2007
[17] 124 69 India Nottingham, England Trent Bridge 2007
[18] 106 77 New Zealand London, England Lord's Cricket Ground 2008

Career performance:

  Batting Bowling
Opposition Matches Runs Average High Score 100 / 50 Runs Wickets Average Best (Inns)
Australia

10

959

47.95

183

4 / 1

21

0

-

-
Bangladesh

4

372

74.40

120

1 / 2

-

-

-

-
India

9

1016

72.57

197

4 / 3

138

4

34.50

2/71
New Zealand

9

444

27.75

106

1 / 2

23

0

-

-
Pakistan

4

248

35.42

120

1 / 1

33

0

-

-
South Africa

14

768

30.72

156

1 / 3

165

2

82.50

1/26
Sri Lanka

10

755

41.94

115

2 / 4

77

0

-

-
West Indies

13

847

42.35

140

4 / 2

104

0

-

-
Zimbabwe

2

28

14.00

20

0 / 0

-

-

-

-
Overall

77

5585

42.96

197

18 / 18

561

6

93.50

2/71

References

External links

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