Miami-Dade Transit is the public transit authority in Miami-Dade County, Florida. It is the largest transit system in Florida, and one of the largest in the U.S. It currently operates the Metrorail, Metromover, Metrobus, and Paratransit (STS) systems.
, the Dade County Commission
passed an ordinance creating the Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) to unify the different transit operations into one countywide service. This ordinance
provided for the purchase, development, and operation of an adequate mass transit
system by the County. These companies included the Miami Transit Company, Miami Beach Railway Company, South Miami Coach Lines, and Keys Transit Company on Key Biscayne and would be managed by National City Management Company. Over the years and under various administrations, MTA evolved into the Metro-Dade Transportation Administration, the Metro-Dade Transit Agency, the Miami-Dade Transit Agency, and is now known simply as Miami-Dade Transit (MDT).
Miami-Dade Transit, a county department of more than 4,000 employees, is the largest transit agency in the state of Florida and accounts for more than half of the trips taken on public transit in the state. MDT operates an accessible, integrated system of 100-plus Metrobus routes; the 22-mile Metrorail rapid transit system; Metromover, a downtown people mover system; and the Paratransit division’s Special Transportation Service. Metrobus routes cover more than 35-million miles annually, including limited service to Broward and Monroe counties. In 2004, MDT's Metrorail, Metromover, and Metrobus transported more than 96 million passengers, compared to 85 million the previous year.
- The current standard fare on Miami-Dade Transit is $2.00 (Local)/$2.35 (Express), and reduced fare is $1.00 (Local)/$1.15 (Express), and a standard monthly pass costs $100 (Full Fare)/$50 (Reduced Fare).
- On Metrobus, the fare box accepts tokens, dollar bills, quarters, dimes, and nickels, or a monthly pass to be shown to the bus operator. The monthly Metropass and tokens are sold at over 50 sales outlets. Metrorail fare gates accept tokens, Susan B. Anthony or Sacajawea dollar coins, quarters, dimes, nickels, bus-to-rail transfers, and monthly passes, the Patriot Passport, and the Golden Passport. Metromover is free for all riders. Enter any station through the fare gate. Reduced fares are available only to Medicare recipients, people with disabilities, and Miami-Dade students in grades 1-12. Transit fare equipment does not provide change, but change/token machines are found in all rail stations.
- All Miami-Dade senior citizens 65 years and older and Social Security beneficiaries ride free with a Golden Passport. Veterans residing in Miami-Dade and earning less than $22,000 annually ride free with the Patriot Passport.
The Metrobus network provides bus service throughout Miami-Dade County 365 days a year. It consists of more than 100 routes and 900 buses, which connect most points in the county and part of southern Broward County as well. Eight (8) of these routes operate around the clock: most other routes operate from 4 AM to 2 AM.
24 hour bus routes:
3, 11, 27, 38, L, S
All Metrobuses are wheelchair accessible, in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
Along U.S. 1 in southern Miami-Dade, Metrobus service uses an exclusive right-of-way called the South Miami-Dade Busway.
Bus route 301 (Dade-Monroe Express) extends into Monroe County, reaching Marathon, where a transfer is available to a Key West Transit bus proceeding further into the Keys. With the appropriate bus transfers, one can travel all the way from Key West to Jupiter entirely on public-transit buses.
South Miami-Dade Busway
The South Miami-Dade Busway
(originally the South Dade Busway
) began operating on February 3
and was extended in April 2005. The final 6.5-mile segment of the Busway extension to Florida City opened on Sunday, December 16, 2007. It is parallel to US1/ S Dixie Highway, and replaced an abandoned Florida East Coast Railroad line. It is an alternative to daily traffic congestion. The 13-mile roadway was built by the Florida Department of Transportation
just for Metrobus routes and emergency vehicles. Express buses on the exclusive lanes shuttle passengers to and from Dadeland South Station
) in under 40 minutes.
Both full-size buses and minibuses operate on the Busway and in adjacent neighborhoods, entering the exclusive lanes at major intersections. Local and limited-stop service is offered between Florida City and Dadeland South Metrorail Station. Park & Ride lots along the busway are located at SW 152d Street (Coral Reef Drive), SW 168th Street (Richmond Drive), SW 200th Street (Caribbean Boulevard) and SW 244th Street. At Dadeland South Station, riders transfer to Metrorail. Riders headed downtown can transfer from Metrorail to Metromover, which consists of three shorter downtown loops, at Government Center Station.
The South Miami-Dade Busway has 22 sheltered stations and several unsheltered bus stops. Each station contains up-to-date transit information (maps, schedules, brochures) with newspapers, benches, and public phones added for customer comfort and convenience. Additionally, a multi-use path stretches the length of the Busway.
The Busway has been the site of many accidents, as some car drivers driving south on US-1 (which runs parallel to the Busway for much of its length), and looking to turn west, do not stop at the red arrows that govern the right turn lane at an intersection that has a Busway crossing adjacent to it. They make a right turn and go right into the path of a bus that is entering the adjacent Busway intersection. Buses currently have to slow down to 15 mph before crossing the intersection, and the police often patrol the intersections looking for red arrow runners. Surprisingly, even the intersections where the Busway runs as far as 2 blocks west of US-1 suffer the same problem, with car drivers either not seeing or flatly ignoring the red lights at SW 184th and 186th Streets.
Paratransit/Special Transportation Services (STS)
is available for people with a mental or physical disability that cannot ride Metrobus, Metrorail, or Metromover. For $2.50 per one-way trip, STS offers shared-ride, door-to-door travel in accessible vehicles throughout most of Miami-Dade County, in some parts of south Broward County, and in the middle and northern Keys
. STS operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week, including most holidays.
- The Miami-Dade County Government has received federal money in order to purchase new and refurbish old Metrorail and Metromover cars, as they have been operating for more than 20 years.
- Technology and Corridor Improvements: Two corridors, totaling 24.4 miles of rapid transit, have completed the planning phase and are ready to enter into final design and construction -- the North Corridor, Earlington Heights-MIC Connection, and East-West Corridor.
For more information, see Orange Line (MDT).
- The Earlington Heights-MIC Connection is a 2.4-mile extension from Earlington Heights Metrorail Station to the Miami Intermodal Center (north of NW 21st St. and east of NW 42nd Ave. at Miami International Airport). Construction is scheduled to be completed in late 2010, with Metrorail passenger service on the extension starting in early 2011.
- The North Corridor is a 9.5-mile expansion will be a northward extension from the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Plaza Metrorail Station, along NW 27th Avenue to NW 215th Street (Miami-Dade/Broward County line); with proposed stations at Northside Shopping Center, MDC-North Campus, City of Opa-locka, Bunche Park, Miami Gardens, Dolphin Stadium and the Calder Race Course. Construction is scheduled to be completed by 2014.
- The East-West Corridor is a 10.6-mile expansion from the Miami Intermodal Center east to the Palmetto Expressway (SR 826) and from the Palmetto, through Miami International Airport to the Miami Intermodal Center. These sites have been identified as potential station locations: Florida International University, NW 107th Avenue (Avenue of the Americas), NW 97th Avenue, NW 87th Avenue (Galloway Road), NW 72nd Avenue (Milam Dairy Road), the Blue Lagoon area, and Miami Intermodal Center. Construction is scheduled to be completed in 2016.