Metacomputing is all computing and computing-oriented activity which involves computing knowledge (science and technology) common for the research, development and application of different types of computing.
It may also deal with numerous domains of computing application, such as: industry, business, management, as well as human/cognitive factors.
New emerging field of metacomputing is focused on the methodological and technological aspects of the development of large computer networks/grids, such as internet, intranet and other territorially distributed computer networks for special puroposes.
Metacomputing, as a computing of computing
, includes: organization of large computer networks , choice of the design criteria (for example: peer-to-peer
or centralized solution) and metacomputing software (middleware
) development where, in the specific domains, the concept metacomputing is used as a description of software meta-layers
which are networked platforms for the development of user-oriented calculations, for example for computational physics
Here, serious scientific problems of systems/networks complexity emerge , not only related to domain-dependent complexities but focused on systemic meta-complexity of computer network infrastructures.
Metacomputing is also a useful descriptor for self-referential programming systems. Often these systems are functional as fifth-generation computer languages which require the use of an underlying metaprocessor software operating system in order to be operative. Typically metacomputing occurs in an interpreted or real-time compiling system since the changing nature of information in processing results may result in an unpredictable compute state throughout the existence of the metacomputer (the information state operated upon by the metacomputing platform).
From the human perspective
and social perspective, metacomputing is especially focused on: human-computer software, cognitive interrelations/interfaces, the possibilities of the development of intelligent computer grids for the cooperation of human organizations, as well as, on ubiquitous computing
technologies. In particular, it relates to the development of software infrastructures for the computational modeling and simulation of cognitive architectures
for various decision support systems
Metacomputing refers to the general problems of computationality
of the human knowledge, to the limits of the transformation of human knowledge and individual thinking to the form of computer programs.
These and similar questions are also of interest of mathematical psychology
External Links and References
- Metacomputing, L. Smarr, C. E. Catlett, in Communications of the ACM, 35(6), June 1992 doi
- Special Issue on Metacomputing: From Workstation Clusters to Internet computing, Future Generation Computer Systems, Gentzsch W. (editor), No. 15, North Holland (1999)
- Metacomputing Project- with DARPA contribution
- Experiences with a wide area network metacomputing management tool using IBM SP-2 parallel system concurrency, R. Baraglia,G. Faieta, M.Formica, D.J. Laforenza, Wiley & Sons, Inc., Vol.9(3)(1997)
- The Grid: International Efforts in Global Computing, Mark Baker, Rajkumar Buyya and Domenico Laforenza (2005)
- Toward the Identification of the Real-World Meta-Complexity, (2004) NEST-IDEA Interdysciplinary Research
- Journal of Mathematical Psychology