See Megiddo (Univ. of Chicago, Parts I-II, 1939-48); G. Loud, The Megiddo Ivories (1939).
City, ancient Palestine. It occupied a strategic location at the crossing of military and trade routes; it was also famous as a battlefield and is thought to be the biblical Armageddon. The first town was built early in the 4th millennium BC. It was captured by the Egyptian king Thutmose III circa 1468 BC. It later passed to the Israelites, and King Solomon rebuilt it as a military centre. British Gen. Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby defeated Ottoman forces near the site in 1918.
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(born April 23, 1861, Brackenhurst, near Southwell, Nottinghamshire, Eng.—died May 14, 1936, London) British field marshal. He fought in the South African War and served as inspector general of cavalry (1910–14). In World War I, he commanded with distinction in the Middle East. His victory over the Turks at Gaza (1917) led to the capture of Jerusalem, and his victory at Megiddo, along with his capture of Damascus and Aleppo, ended Ottoman power in Syria. His success was partly due to his innovative use of cavalry and other mobile forces, and he is remembered as the last great British leader of mounted cavalry. As high commissioner for Egypt (1919–25), he steered that country to recognition as a sovereign state (1922).
Learn more about Allenby (of Megiddo and of Felixstowe), Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount with a free trial on Britannica.com.