Mascara was the capital city of Emir Abd al-Qadir, a leader of the Algerian resistance to early French colonial rule.
Mascara is an administrative, commercial and a market centre. Its trade is mostly centered on leather goods, grains, and olive oil, but Mascara is especially famous for its good wine.
Mascara has two parts, a newer French area, and an older Muslim one. Large parts of the town lies inside the ruins of its ancient ramparts.
The city is also home of Lakhdar Belloumi, the former Algerian football (soccer) star.
Around 1790: Andalucian Muslims leave Mascara, causing the Ottoman Empire to relocate Jews to Mascara.
1832: Abd al-Qadir makes Mascara his headquarters.
1835: Mascara is destroyed by the French.
1841: The French establish full control over Mascara.