is a city in Berkeley County
, West Virginia
, United States
. As of the 2000 U.S. Census
, the population of Martinsburg was 14,972. A 2007 Census estimate places Martinsburg's population at 16,450. It is the county seat
of Berkeley County
and one of the core cities in the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area
. Martinsburg and Berkeley County are growing very rapidly from the influx of people moving from Washington, D.C.
Martinsburg was founded in 1778
by General Adam Stephen
who named it in honor of Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin
, a nephew of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron
Martinsburg was incorporated by an act of the West Virginia Legislature March 30, 1868.
Martinsburg is located at (39.459207, -77.967814).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13.1 km²), of which, 5.0 square miles (13.0 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.40%) is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 14,972 people, 6,684 households, and 3,689 families residing in the city. The population density
was 2,977.4 people per square mile (1,149.2/km²). There were 7,432 housing units at an average density of 1,478.0/sq mi (570.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.90% White
, 11.63% African American
, 0.40% Native American
, 0.63% Asian
, 0.02% Pacific Islander
, 1.26% from other races
, and 2.17% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 2.91% of the population.
There were 6,684 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,495, and the median income for a family was $36,954. Males had a median income of $29,697 versus $22,212 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,314. About 14.7% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.
Major private employers in and around Martinsburg include Quad/Graphics, EcoLab, Orgill, Quebecor World, Sino-Swearingen, and FedEx.
The city also houses one of the two Enterprise Computing Centers of the Internal Revenue Service (the other is in Memphis, Tennessee). The Martinsburg facility process most of the country's electronically filed tax documents from businesses, and about one-third of electronically-filed tax returns.
Martinsburg had its own automobile company, called Norwalk. The cars that were assembled here are the longest known cars to be built in the state of West Virginia.
It is also home to the 167th Airlift Wing of the West Virginia Air National Guard.
Amtrak provides service to Martinsburg. The city's passenger rail station is located downtown at 229 East Martin Street. MARC, Maryland's commuter rail system, operates trains on weekdays on its which terminates in Martinsburg. Service is provided to Union Station in Washington, D.C.
- Newton D. Baker, Secretary of War
- Belle Boyd, Confederate spy in the American Civil War
- Vicky Bullett, Olympic gold medalist in women's basketball
- Harry Flood Byrd, Sr., United States Senator and Governor of Virginia
- Cecil B. Perkins, Former pitcher for the New York Yankees
- Charles James Faulkner, United States Representative from Virginia
- Walter Dean Myers, Author
- John Quincy Adams Nadenbousch, colonel in Confederate States Army
- David Hunter Strother (aka Porte Crayon), artist
- Absalom Willis Robertson, United States Senator from Virginia
- Hack Wilson, Hall of Fame baseball player
- Shannon Larkin, Drummer for the Hard Rock band Godsmack
- Fulton Walker, Former Miami Dolphin football player. Scored touchdown in Super Bowl XVII.
- Robert Lee Castleman, Grammy-winning singer/songwriter
Maps and satellite imagery