(May 31 1912
– April 10 1997
) was a German American astronomer
. He was the son of famed astrophysicist Karl Schwarzschild
and the nephew of the Swiss astrophysicist Robert Emden
His work led to greater understanding in the fields of stellar structure and stellar evolution. He also headed the Stratoscope projects, which used balloon-mounted instruments to study astronomical phenomena.
Named after him
- D. Merritt, Martin Schwarzschild's Contributions to Galaxy Dynamics
- Oral history interview with Martin Schwarzschild Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Schwarzschild describes his early training in automatic computing when he assumed the position of director of the Watson Scientific Computation Laboratory at Columbia University upon the resignation of Wallace Eckert. Schwarzschild describes the computational research he did there on stellar models, then turns to his experience during World War II at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, mentioning work of John von Neumann and other scientific consultants on the design of new automatic calculating equipment. Schwarzschild answers questions about the relationship between R. H. Kent and von Neumann. His final topic is the work during the 1950s he undertook on stellar interiors using the Institute for Advanced Study computer. He describes his experiences trying to use the computer for large scientific purposes, and recalls the reception of his computational research by the professional astronomy journals.