Marshall B. Broomhall 海恩波著
– October 24
), was a British Protestant Christian missionary
with the China Inland Mission
. He also authored many books on the subject of Chinese missionary work. He was the most famous son (the fifth of ten children) of the anti-opium trade activist and General Secretary of the C.I.M. Benjamin Broomhall
and Amelia Hudson Taylor. Thus he was also the nephew of the founder of the mission James Hudson Taylor
Youth In London
In 1875 the Broomhall family, including 9 year old Marshall moved from Bayswater
to Newington Green
. At Westbourne Grove, where he was born, the family had been members of the Baptist Westbourne Grove Church
led by William Garrett Lewis
. Marshall's father, Benjamin now began 20 years of service as the China Inland Mission's General Secretary at the London headquarters. In 1887 Marshall went to classical studies at Jesus College
, University of Cambridge
. After his graduation (B.A.) in 1890, he became engaged to Florence Corderoy , the daughter of his father's close friend, John Corderoy. In the same year Marshall was accepted as a missionary by the C.I.M. London Council.
Marshall Broomhall sailed for China on October 2
,1890 on the S.S. Shannon
. He attended a year at the CIM's Chinese Language School at Anqing
, and then he was appointed to the work in Taiyuan
. Three of his siblings (Hudson, Marshall and Edith) had all contracted typhus
there, but all three recovered.
Marriage and Family
Florence Corderoy followed him to China in 1894, but mission regulations required that they could not marry until both had served for two years on the field. Marshall and Florence were finally married on March 17
. They had 2 children: Honor Irene and Dorothea Broomhall. Marshall had been transferred to Hongdong
in 1896, to work with Dixon Edward Hoste
, his brother-in-law, and with Gilbert Ritchie, who later married his sister, Edith. The famous Pastor Hsi (Xi Shengmo
) had recently died. The area that Marshall worked in was 40 miles north and south, and 70 miles wide. In 1897 there was a church membership of 490 in 17 villages , with 14 opium
refuges. The churches were largely self-supporting, led by an ordained native pastor, three elders, and 17 deacons. Broomhall worked here for three years.
Further Work and the Boxer Crisis
Florence's poor health necessitated their leaving for Britain in 1899. In 1900, the Boxer Rebellion
broke out in China. The China Inland Mission had the greatest loss of all of the mission agencies; seventy-nine people were massacred, including children. As the tragedy unfolded and news was cabled to London, Marshall spent days and nights diligently sorting out information gathered from various sources and verifying rumors that were quickly circulating. His hard work led to the compilation of two memorial books that documented the harrowing stories of both the martyrs and the survivors.
Writing and Teaching Career
That same year Marshall Broomhall had been appointed the Editorial Secretary for the mission in London. This career lasted for 27 years. He also gave preliminary Chinese language lessons to the missionary candidates preparing to go to China.
Marshall became an expert in writing biographies. He wrote biographies of Hudson Taylor as well as several other members of the China Inland Mission, as well as several books that addressed overall issues and the history of the C.I.M. He accomplished much considering his eyesight was impaired at an early age. He did all of his research, writing and editorial work despite being able to see with only one eye.
Marshall took part in the Edinburgh Missionary Conference of 1910. After the 1911/12 founding of the Republic of China he visited China again, and traveled extensively to obtain first-hand and up to date information. He was a member of the commission on "Carrying the Gospel to all the Non-Christian World". In this commission constant reference was made to his important work “The Chinese Empire: A General and Missionary Survey”, and to the statistics in it.
In 1927 he retired as Editorial Secretary. But he continued to do his literary work.
In 1936, when the Rev. Frank Houghton returned to China to be Bishop of East China, Marshall took over briefly the editorship of China's Millions, but ill health forced his complete withdrawal from the work.
He died on October 24,1937, aged 71, at Northchurch, England and was buried on October 28 in Abney Park Cemetery, London. Florence Broomhall lived on until 1957.
- Marshall Broomhall (1901). Martyred Missionaries of the China Inland Mission. Morgan & Scott. (1901) (see List of the Martyred Missionaries of the China Inland Mission in 1900)
- Last Letters and Further Records of Martyred Missionaries of the China Inland Mission (1901)
- In Memoriam: Hudson Taylor's Legacy (1905)
- Marshall Broomhall (1906). Pioneer Work in Hunan. Morgan & Scott. (1906)
- The Chinese Empire: A General and Missionary Survey (London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott and CIM, 1907)
- Marshall Broomhall, China Inland Mission (1908). Present-day Conditions in China. China Inland Mission. (1908)
- Faith and Facts, as Illustrated in the History of the China Inland Mission (Marshall, Morgan & Scott and CIM, 1909)
- The Jubilee Story of the China Inland Mission (1915)
- Marshall Broomhall (1910). Islam in China. China Inland Mission. (1918)
- Heirs Together of the Grace of Life: Benjamin Broomhall and Amelia Hudson Broomhall (1918) (Benjamin Broomhall)
- John Whiteford Stevenson, One of Christ's Stalwarts (1919) (John Whiteford Stevenson)
- Selling All to Buy The Field (bef 1920?)
- style="font-style : italic;"> In Quest of God, the Life Story of Pastors Chang & Chü (1921)
- F. W. Baller, a Master of the Pencil (1923) (see Frederick W. Baller)
- Marshall Feng: A Good Soldier of Jesus Christ (1923) (Feng Yuxiang)
- Robert Morrison, A Master Builder (1924) (Robert Morrison)
- W. W. Cassells, First Bishop in Western China (1926) (William Wharton Cassells, one of the Cambridge Seven)
- Hudson Taylor, the Man Who Believed God (1929) (biography of Hudson Taylor)
- Archibald Orr Ewing, That Faithful and Wise Steward (1930) (Archibald Orr Ewing)
- Hudson Taylor's Legacy (1931)
- Our Seal: The Witness of the China Inland Mission to the Faithfulness of God (1933)
- To What Purpose? (biography of Emil Fischbacher) (1933)
- The Bible in China (1934)
- By Love Compelled: The Call of the China Inland Mission (1936)