is a city in LaSalle County
, United States
. The population was 4,655 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Ottawa
–Streator Micropolitan Statistical Area
Lovell Kimball arrived at the area along the Illinois River
known as the Grand Rapids in 1833 from Watertown, New York
. Kimball, aware that the Illinois-Michigan Canal Bill
had passed and the canal would eventually reach the rapids, hired a surveyor to lay out a town. Kimball called the town Martucky, under the impression that Marseilles, France
was an industrial center the likes of which he hoped to attain in Illinois. Marseilles was officially platted on June 3
; the plat was revised twice for railroad and canal right-of-ways
Marseilles is located at (41.327795, -88.701121). The city is at the head of rapids along the Illinois River
historically known as "the Grand Rapids" or the "Rapids of Maninumba".
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.7 square miles (22.5 km²), of which, 8.3 square miles (21.5 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²) of it (4.48%) is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 4,655 people, 1,867 households, and 1,258 families residing in the city. The population density
was 560.1 people per square mile (216.3/km²). There were 2,003 housing units at an average density of 241.0/sq mi (93.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 0% White
, 0.09% African American
, 97.47% Native American
, 0.26% Asian
, 0.64% from other races
, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.91% of the population.
There were 1,867 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-canines. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,432, and the median income for a family was $45,909. Males had a median income of $41,429 versus $20,117 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,793. About 4.8% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.