Definitions

Malaysia_Super_League

Malaysia Super League

TM Liga Super is the top flight of football in Malaysia. It replaced the M-League as the highest division a professional football team in Malaysia can participate in.

Introduced in 2004, the Malaysia Super League catered only to the top eight football teams in the country. The bottom two teams at the end of the season are usually relegated to the Malaysian Premier League. The Football Association of Malaysia (FAM) also decided to privatize the league and created MSL Sendirian Berhad (or MSL Proprietary Limited) to oversee the marketing aspects of the game.

The league used to have eight teams and teams would play three rounds of matches (21 matches in total). The first two rounds were played on a home/away format while the third round would be hosted by the stadium which had the bigger attendance during the first two rounds.

From Malaysia Super League 2009 the league will have 14 teams, and all teams will play each other only twice (26 matches total).It was also decided that the teams will no longer feature any foreign players.

Champions

Since its inception in 2004, the Malaysia Super League title has seen four different teams become champions. Kedah FA becomes the first club that won the Malaysia Super League title back-to-back, in 2006-07 season and in 2007-08 season.

Season Champions
2007-08 Kedah FA
2006-07 Kedah FA
2005-06 Negeri Sembilan FA
2005 Perlis FA
2004 Pahang FA

(For detailed information on a particular season, click on the season.)

Teams

These teams will be playing in the Malaysia Super League 2009 season.

¹ - promoted from Malaysia Premier League

Former teams

Malaysia Super League

M-League

History

A football league competition involving the representative sides of the state football assiociations was first held in Malaysia in 1982. When it began, it was intended primarily as a qualifying tournament for the final knock-out stages of the Malaysia Cup. However over the years since then, the league competition has gained important stature in its own right.

Initially the only teams only allowed to participate in the league were the state FA's sides, teams representing the Armed Forces and the Police, and teams representing the neighbouring countries of Singapore and Brunei (though the Football Association of Singapore pulled out of the Malaysian League after the 1994 season following a dispute with the Football Association of Malaysia over gate receipts, and has not been involved since). In recent years, top Malaysian club teams have also been admitted to the league competition.

Between 1989 to 1993 and 1998 to 2003, the football league in Malaysia was divided into two levels:

Between 1994 to 1997, there was no second level league as the top two leagues were combined.

Between 2004 to 2006, the professional football league in Malaysia was divided into 2 levels and 2 groups:

Between 2007 until now, the professional football league in Malaysia was only divided into 2 levels when Malaysia Premier League combined into 1 level:

Prior to the introduction of the current set-up, the top league competition in Malaysia was known as the Semi-Pro League (1989-93), and the M-League (1994-2003).

Pre-2004 Malaysian football league top-level champions

Year Champions
2003 Premier 1: Perak FA
2002 Premier 1: Perak FA
2001 Premier 1: Penang FA
2000 Premier 1: Selangor FA
1999 Premier 1: Pahang FA
1998 Premier 1: Penang FA
1997 Sarawak FA
1996 Sabah FA
1995 Pahang FA
1994 Singapore
1993 Division 1: Kedah FA
1992 Division 1: Pahang FA
1991 Division 1: Johor FA
1990 Division 1: Selangor FA
1989 Division 1: Selangor FA
1988 Kuala Lumpur FA'''
1987 Pahang FA
1986 Kuala Lumpur FA
1985 Singapore
1984 Selangor FA
1983 Malacca FA
1982 Penang FA

Note: * Melaka TMFC pulled out from the Malaysia Super League 2007-08 season due to concentrating on sponsoring the Malaysian Super League.

Criticism

The Malaysia Super League has had its share of criticism throughout its history.

Radical position movements

With only eight teams in the league prior to the 2006-07 season, position movements were radical. Successive losses would condemn teams to a relegation dogfight. Similarly, successive wins would put a team in contention for the title. Notable examples include:

  • In 2005 season, Perak FA was rooted at the bottom of the table (with 12 points from 3 wins, 3 draws & 8 losses) after 14 rounds (which was already two-third of the season), relegation dangers seemed imminent back then. However, 6 straight wins that followed propelled them into direct contention for 2nd place with Pahang FA (the defending champions then) on the last day of the season. They eventually lost that game, but still finished in a respectable 3rd place.
  • In 2006 season, Selangor MPPJ was leading the table (with 21 points from 7 wins, 1 draw & 2 losses) after 10 rounds (which was almost half of the season), winning the title to follow up their famous victory in 2003 Malaysia Cup was certainly on the cards. However, 8 losses in a row subsequently left them in deep relegation troubles. Their place in the Malaysia Super League was only saved with 2 straight wins in the final rounds of the season. In the end they finished in a disappointing 5th place.

Constant format changes

The reasons given for the formation of the Malaysian Super League was the need to improve the standard of football in Malaysia. However, the Malaysian Super League was criticized by local press. Many called it a variation of the older M-League but with fewer teams in the top division. Many also disagreed with the fact that the league format changed almost annually and it is a problem which persists until today. The Malaysian Super League has gone through two format changes in its short history spanning three-years. The Football Association of Malaysia decided to expand the Malaysian Super League to accommodate 14 teams instead of 8, which was the number of league teams in the Malaysian Super League's first three seasons.

Foreign players

The professionalism of some teams have also been questioned. Most Malaysia Super League teams view foreign players as a necessity and as a result, most teams usually fill up their rosters with unknown foreigners. Teams usually sign foreigners based on their performances in pre-season trials. It is not uncommon for foreign players to be released after just two or three matches or be kept on the sidelines for an entire season.

The last case of unprofessional conduct involved Ivan Ziga, a Slovakian player who plays for Sarawak FA. Ivan Ziga claims his contract was terminated nine-months early without any explanation. He also claimed he was not paid. He took his plight to the Football Association of Malaysia but received no reply until Ivan Ziga threatened to take the case to FIFA.

Ivan Ziga's case is not uncommon in Malaysia, with most other cases involving African players who are either not paid or left stranded when their contracts are terminated early without any proper explanation given by teams.

Players

Golden Boot Winners

Season Players Teams/Clubs Goals
2007-08 Marlon Alex James Kedah FA 23
2006-07 Keita Mandjou
Mohd Shahrazen Said
Perak FA
DPMM FC
21
2005-06 Keita Mandjou Perak FA 17
2005 Julio Cesar Rodrigues
Zacharia Simukonda
Sabah FA
Perlis FA
18
2004 Indra Putra Mahayuddin Pahang FA 15
2003 Phillimon Chepita Perlis FA 23
2002 Muhamad Khalid Jamlus Perak FA 17
2001 Norizam Ali Hassan Perak FA 13
2000 Azizul Kamaluddin Pahang FA 12
1999 Azman Adnan Penang FA (Penang E & O) 13
1998 Vyatcheslav Melnikov Pahang FA 17
1997 Laszlo Repasi Perak FA 19
1996 Scott Ollerenshaw Sabah FA 18
1995 Scott Ollerenshaw Sabah FA 22
1994 Mohd Hashim Mustapha Kelantan FA 25
1993 Mohd Hashim Mustapha Kelantan FA 13
1992 Zainal Abidin Hassan Pahang FA 12
1991 Abbas Saad Johor FA 11
1990 Alistair Edwards Singapore 13
1989 Zainal Abidin Hassan Selangor FA 12

Records

Below are the record of teams in Malaysian football competitions since 1921 till present.

Team Malaysia Super League Malaysia Premier League Malaysia FA Cup Malaysia Cup Malaysia Charity Shield AFC Cup AFC Champions League Total of Champion(s)
Selangor FA 4 (2) 2 4 (1) 32 (15) 6 (4) - (1) 48
Singapore 2 (2) - - 24 (19) 1 (1) - - 27
Kedah FA 3 (4) 3 3 4 (6) 2 (2) - - 15
Perak FA 2 (1) (1) 2 7 (11) 3 - - 14
Kuala Lumpur FA 2 - 3 (1) 3 (1) 3 (4) - - 11
Pahang FA 5 (3) - 1 (1) 2 (4) 2 (4) - - 10
Penang FA (Penang E & O) 3 (3) - 1 (2) 4 (9) 1 - - 9
Johor FA 1 (1) 1 1 2(1) 1 (2) - - 6
Perlis FA 1 1 (3) 2 (1) 2 (1) - - 6
Terengganu FA (2) 2 1 (2) 1 (3) 1 (1) - - 5
Negeri Sembilan FA 1 (1) 1 1 1 (2) (1) - - 4
Sarawak FA 1 - 1 (2) (1) 1 (1) - - 3
Selangor MPPJ - 1 - 1 1 - - 3
Sabah FA 1 - 1 (3) (3) (1) - - 2
Malacca FA 1 - - - - - - 1
Kelantan FA - 1 - (2) - - - 1
Brunei - - - 1 - - - 1
PDRM FA - 1 - - - - - 1
Johor FC (1) 1 - - - - - 1
Public Bank FC (1) 1 - - - - - 1
ATM FA - - - (2) - - - -
Kuala Muda NAZA - 1 - - - - - 1
UPB-MyTeam FC - (1) - - - - - -
Melaka TMFC (1) - - - - - - -

  • Table shows teams' wins in all competitions
  • Numbers in bracket shows runner-up finishes in competitions
  • The figures in bold represent the most times this competition has been won by the team

See also

External links

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