Ayatollah Seyyed Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
(آیتالله سید محمود هاشمی شاهرودی) (Born 1948 in Najaf
) is an Iranian politician
and Shia cleric
. He has been the head of the judicial system of Iran
since 1999, when he replaced Mohammad Yazdi
, and, according to a recent extension, he will serve at least until 2009.
Hashemi Shahroudi had been the leader of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, which has been the reason for the many objections to his serving as head of the Judiciary System.
Shahroudi is most notable in the west for instituting Iran's 2002 moratorium on stoning as a form of capital punishment. The penalty remains on the books however, leaving open the possibility that the moratorium could be overturned in the future.
Recently this was proven that, despite moratorium introducted by Shahroudi, executions by stoning were still carry out, but now inside prisons and without public
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