Secondly Satan shows him "... all the kingdoms of the world." (5) and tells Jesus he can have them all if he falls down and worships him. Jesus replies with a quote from Deuteronomy 6:13, "It is written: 'Worship the Lord your God and serve him only.'" (8)
Satan takes him to the top of the Temple of Jerusalem and quotes Psalm 91:11-12 as a criterion for a test of favor with God, to which Jesus quotes Deuteronomy 6:16, "...Do not put the Lord your God to the test." (12).
This is also found in Matthew 4:1-11, but in Matthew the order of the second and third temptation are reversed. This was most probably in Q if that hypothesis is correct; perhaps their copies of Q were in a different order? This difference in orders presents a challenge for redactional criticism. It is unclear whether in Q, if it existed, the order was originally the same as Luke's and Matthew changed it to have it end on a mountain, a common motif of Matthew, such as and , or Luke changed it to have the temptations end in Jerusalem. Luke ends the book in Jerusalem in . Most scholars believe Matthew's order was the order Q used. (Brown 236)
Luke then says that Satan left Jesus "...until an opportune time." (13). Satan appears later in Luke 22, entering Judas to make him betray Jesus and Brown (237) argues at Luke 22:53 when Jesus says to those arresting him "But this is your hour—when darkness reigns".
He heals more and more people, then retreats to the wilderness for solitary prayer. They come and find him there but he tells them to meet him in the surrounding towns, and the travels and preaches. This, Luke 4:31-44, is almost exactly the same as Mark 1:21-29 and can also be partially found in Matthew 8:14-16
Miller, Robert J.-Editor The Complete Gospels Polebridge Press 1994 ISBN 0-06-065587-9
|Gospel of Luke|
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