The black jewel orchid (Ludisia discolor, also known as Haemaria discolor) is an orchid species native to Malaysia, Indonesia and Burma. Jewel Orchids are terrestrial orchids, which mean they grow in soil and soil-like medium and grow on the ground. In their natural environment, they can be found growing on the forest floor. They are known for their foliage, which are velvety; deep maroon leaves with red veins that run parallel to the center.
Blooming Time: December to February (Winter-Early Spring). Flowers are white with twisting yellow columns. Individual flowers are small but grow in clusters on upright stalks. Flowers will open any time from December to February and last a month or more.
Culture: Ludisia discolor tolerate intermediate to warm environments. They need high humidity and warm temperatures. Because of these temperature preferences, they can be grown in terrariums or pots. Low to medium light is ideal, and they tolerate extremely low light levels. Jewel orchids are terrestrial so grow them in equal part’s of soil, and peat moss. You may want to add perlite to this mixture to assure drainage. Keep medium moist but ensure good ventilation in the area they are growing. Jewel orchids are uniquely different and are a perfect plant to simply enjoy their beautiful foliage.
Propagation: Ludisias can be propagated anytime of the year. Take cutting of growing shoots and make sure to cut it below the node, so roots can grow from it. Put it in a container full of water and let it soak for one to two weeks until roots starts to appear. Then, Pot them directly in the potting medium.
Studies of mycorrhizal fungi of Chinese orchids and their role in orchid conservation in China--a review.(Report)
Jun 01, 2010; Introduction The Orchidaceae is one of the largest families with close to 25,000 species (Cribb et al., 2003), roughly one tenth...