Complex process whereby loose grains of sediment are converted into rock. Lithification may occur at the time a sediment is deposited or later. Cementation is one of the main processes involved, particularly for sandstones and conglomerates. In addition, reactions take place within a sediment between various minerals and between minerals and the fluids trapped in the pores; these reactions may form new minerals or add to others already present in the sediment.
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Sandstone-Hosted Concretions Record Evidence for Syn-Lithification Seismicity, Cavitation Processes, and Palaeocene Rapid Burial of Lower Cretaceous Deep-Marine Sandstones (Outer Moray Firth, UK North Sea)
May 01, 2006; Abstract: Syn- and post-Lithification cemented fractures are abundant in concretions formed during shallow burial of...