List of stock market crashes

This is a list of stock market crashes and bear markets.

Name Dates Bear Market Duration Comments References
Panic of 1819
Panic of 1837 May 10, 1837
Black Friday September 24, 1869
Gründerkrach May 9, 1873 Initiated the Long Depression in the United States and much of Europe
Paris Bourse crash of 1882 January 19, 1882
Panic of 1884
Panic of 1896
US Panic of 1901 3 years The market was spooked by the assassination of President McKinley in 1901, coupled with a severe drought later the same year.
Panic of 1907 1 year Markets took fright after President Theodore Roosevelt had threatened to rein in the monopolies that flourished in various industrial sectors, notably railways.

3 years The bursting of the speculative bubble in shares led to further selling as people who had borrowed money to buy shares had to cash them in, when their loans were called in. Also called the Great Crash or the Wall Street Crash, leading to the Great Depression.
US 1937 1 year This share price fall was triggered by an economic recession and doubts about the effectiveness of Franklin D Roosevelt's New Deal policy.
UK Stock market crash of 1973–4 1 year Dramatic rise in oil prices, the miners' strike and the downfall of the Heath government.
Silver Thursday of 1980
Souk Al-Manakh stock market crash of 1982
Black Monday (1987) October 19, 1987
Friday the 13th mini-crash - October 13, 1989 October 13, 1989 Failed Leveraged buyout deal of United Airlines causes crash
Japanese asset price bubble 1990 13 years Share and property price bubble burst and turned into a deflation.
Black Wednesday 1992 United Kingdom
1997 Asian Financial Crisis 1997 1 year Investors deserted emerging Asian shares, including an overheated Hong Kong stock market. Crashes in Thailand, Hong Kong, South Korea, and elsewhere.
The Asian financial crisis came to a head in this crash
1998 Russian financial crisis 1998
Dot-com bubble burst March 2000 3 years Collapse of a technology bubble, world economic effects arising from the September 11, 2001 attacks and the stock market downturn of 2002
The Chinese Correction (Chinese market drop) February 27, 2007 The SSE Composite Index of the Shanghai Stock Exchange tumbles 9% from unexpected selloffs, the largest drop in 10 years, triggering major drops in worldwide stock markets. (Forbes) (BBC) (Xinhua) (February 27, 2007)
Global financial crisis of September–October 2008 September 14, 2008 – October 2008 (ongoing)

See also

Further reading

  • Robert Sobel Panic on Wall Street: A Classic History of America's Financial Disasters-With a New Exploration of the Crash of 1987 (E P Dutton; Reprint edition, 1988), (Beard 2002) ISBN 0-525-48404-3.


External links

  • A Scary Tuesday Was No Black Monday, New York Times Largest percentage drops in the DJIA history, March 2, 2007
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