This article is a list of major pharmacies
(also known as chemists
) by country.
Pharmacies in Australia
are mostly independently-owned by pharmacists
, often operated as franchises
of retail brands offered by the three major pharmaceutical wholesalers in Australia — Australian Pharmaceutical Industries
(API), Sigma Company
, and Symbion Health
. A minority of pharmacies are owned by friendly societies
, particularly in Victoria
and South Australia
In more than two provinces
70 % marketshare following three chains:
, all pharmacies are owned by The Danish Pharmaceutical Association
and controlled by the state. There are two pharmaceutically-trained groups in the Danish pharmacies: pharmaconomists
Every single pharmacy in Denmark belongs to one of the following five chains:
, pharmacies are all independently-owned by pharmacists. By law, a pharmacist can possess up to three pharmacies maximum.
Germany is the biggest pharmacy market in Europe with €35 billion, or $46 billion, of revenue each year. In Germany, pharmacies are known as "Apotheken". Like France, they are all independently-owned by pharmacists, and like France, there are no pharmacy chains. In hindsight to consumer protection, German law bans chains of Apotheken, but generally allows self- employed pharmacists to individually operate a maximum of four outlets, all of which must be in close proximity.
Other types of retailing are strongly opposed to offer the same types of services as an Apotheke. These retailers would not have the necessary expertise to provide proper patient care- although this has been disproven throughout the United States, Canada, the UK and elsewhere, where pharmacy chains provide trained pharmacists to run their pharmacy counters. Traditionally in Germany, drugs were not discountable and the entire trade with pharmacuticals was limited to the single channel of the Apotheke. In 2004 however, the health care reform law GMG allowed free pricing of OTC- products. This led to a significant decrease of OTC- prices in competitive areas. Internet and mail-order purchasing of drugs has also become an attractive alternative, which accounts for about 5% of german pharmacutical trade.
Online- pharmacy DocMorris has been introducing the first, licence based pharmacy chain model in Germany in 2007. Alongside their brand, they are offering standardized services in their pharmacies, whilst they do not operate or own them. They also offer discounted OTC products. Besides this model, german pharmacies are for the most part organized in wholesaler- based cooperations like LINDA, gesund leben, Meine Apotheke or Vivesco. These cooperations are offering discounts in purchasing and support e.g. in Marketing.
DocMorris CEO Ralf Daeinghaus claims the German system to be monopolistic because government sets the profit margin that drug makers, wholesalers and pharmacists are allowed to make, resulting in stronlgy invariant price levels at all traditional outlets- even though most of the 21,500 pharmacies in the country are run independently. Traditional German pharmacists respond that a strategy of generally discounting pharmacuticals may push people to use more drugs and would be against the general principles of health and customer protection.
is noted for having among the lowest drug prices in the world, since the Indian government controls drug prices for consumers, many of which have low incomes. Several of the world's largest pharmaceutical companies, including Pfizer, Wyeth, Ranbaxy, GlaxoSmithKline and many more, have manufacturing facilities in India, and drugs made there are often exported to other international markets for sale there.
The majority of the above pharmacies are franchises. However, recent legislation has opened pharmacy ownership in New Zealand to individuals and companies other than pharmacists. New foreign groups are beginning to enter the market. The most established new group is Radius Pharmacy, part of the Radius Health Group. However, in order to retain their 'professionalism', pharmacists must still own a fraction of the store. Independent pharmacies are also common in New Zealand. New Zealand has active pharmacy guild and pharmaceutical society membership.
- General Nutrition Centers (GNC)
- Healthy Options
, the state-owned Apoteket
is the only pharmacy.
- Asda — has more than 100 in-store pharmacies in the UK
- Sainsbury's - Hundreds of stores have in-store pharmacies, including consulting rooms. Sainsbury's is the first supermarket in the UK to start having GP's working in their pharmacies as part of smaller doctor surgeries.
Pharmacies in other stores
feature pharmacies in nearly all of their stores.
In addition, in many areas supermarkets have pharmacies. Some of these include: