This is a list of all monitors of the United States Navy. While the most famous name is represented in this list, many monitors held multiple names during their service life. To view the complete list of names, click United States Navy monitors.
The whole category of warship took its name from the first of these, Monitor, designed in 1861 by John Ericsson. They were low-freeboard, steam-powered ironclad vessels, with one or two rotating armored turrets, rather than the traditional broadside of guns. The low freeboard meant that these ships were unsuitable for ocean-going duties and were always at risk of water entering the ship and causing flooding and possible loss, but it reduced the amount of armor required for protection.
They were succeeded by more seaworthy armored cruisers and battleships.
Neosho class monitors
Marietta class monitors
Casco class monitors
Passaic class monitors
Canonicus class monitors
Milwaukee class monitors
Miantonomoh class monitors
Kalamazoo class monitors
"New Navy" monitors
The first five of these were ostensibly rebuilds of Civil War era monitors (in much the same way that the 1854 sloop-of-war Constellation
was ostensibly a refit of the 1797 sail frigate Constellation
). In fact, they were entirely new ships, much larger and more capable than the previous ones.
Puritan class monitors
Amphitrite class monitors
Monterey class monitors
Arkansas class monitors
Similar vessels of interest
- Roberts, William O. (2002). Civil War ironclads: the U. S. Navy and industrial mobilization. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.