The federal government in years past has set its own minimum wage rates for workers in federal jurisdiction industries (railways for example). In 1996, however, the federal minimum wage was re-defined to be the general adult minimum wage rate of the province or territory where the work is performed. This means, for example, that a railway company could not legally pay a worker in British Columbia less than $8/hour regardless of the worker's experience.
This list of minimum wages in Canada collects the minimum wages in Canadian dollars (CAD) set by each province and territory of Canada. Assuming a 40-hour work week for 4.34 weeks a month, the monthly gross incomes of individuals earning the lowest and highest minimum wages in Canada are $1345 and $1519, respectively. Based on current exchange rates, Canadian minimum wages in every jurisdiction are generally higher than the U.S. federal minimum wage rate of $6.55/hour (although BC's "training" wage may drop below this level depending on exchange); however, critics of current minimum wage levels in Canada often claim that they are insufficient and advocate that they be raised to what they claim to be the living wage. The national New Democratic Party had called for a separate federal minimum wage of $10/hour (higher than any current provincial minimum), although as mentioned above, such a change could not be enforced on any employer operating under provincial jurisdiction (unless the province voluntarily agreed to harmonize its own minimum wage).
The following table is a list of hourly minimum wages for adult workers in Canada. The provinces which have their minimum wages in italics allow for lower wages under circumstances which are described under the "Comments" heading.
Note: The following table can be sorted alphabetically or numerically using the icon.
|Alberta||8.40||April 1, 2008||Will be adjusted annually every April.|
|British Columbia||8.00||November 1, 2001||This wage applies only once a person has worked for more than 500 hours with one or more employers; the "First Job/Entry Level" minimum wage is $6.00/hour.|
|Manitoba||8.50||April 1, 2008|
|New Brunswick||7.75||March 31, 2008|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||8.00||April 1, 2008||Planned increase to $10.00 by 2010.|
|Northwest Territories||8.25||December 28, 2003|
|Nova Scotia||8.10||May 1, 2008||$7.60 for inexperienced workers (less than three months employed in the type of work they are hired to do).|
|Nunavut||10.00||September 5, 2008||The highest in Canada.|
|Ontario||8.75||March 31, 2008||Will increase by $0.75 per hour annually to reach $10.25 on March 31, 2010. The minimum wages in effect for those under age 18 working under 28 hours per week is $8.20 and liquor servers $7.60.|
|Prince Edward Island||8.00||October 1, 2008||Increased from $7.75.|
|Quebec||8.50||May 1, 2008||Workers receiving gratuities receive $7.75 & for those in the clothing industry, the minimum wage rate is $8.75.|
|Saskatchewan||8.60||May 1, 2008||Increases to $9.25 on May 1, 2009.|
|Yukon||8.58||April 1, 2008||Yukon is currently the only jurisdiction in Canada to peg annual increases (every April 1st) in its minimum wage to the Consumer Price Index.|