List_of_emerging_technologies

List of emerging technologies

This is a list of emerging technologies. Emerging technologies are new and potentially disruptive technologies, which may marginalize an existing dominant technology.

Only new and potentially disruptive technologies should be included in the list. Information technology is an example of a technology which has already proven disruptive, whereas artificial intelligence is a subset information technology with the potential of becoming disruptive in its own right.

Controversy exists over the degree of impact and economic viability of some instances of emerging technology. There is on going public policy debate over emerging technologies and their implications for society.

{|class="wikitable sortable" |- ! Emerging Technology ! Status ! Marginalized Technologies ! Applications ! Related Articles |- | Artificial intelligence | Theory and experiments | Human Brain | Creation of intelligent devices | Optical character recognition |- | LED lamp | Diffusion | Incandescent and Flourescent Lighting | illumination | |- | Genetic engineering / Synthetic biology | Diffusion; ongoing research & development | Evolution | Creation and modification of species | BioBrick, Igem |- | Nootropics | Available Now | | Drugs that improve memory or cognition in healthy or aged populations. | Piracetam, Aniracetam, Pregnenolone |- | Bio fuels | Diffusion | Fossil fuels | Energy source, particularly for transportation | |- | Electric cars | Small scale production, infrastructure investment | Internal combustion engine | Greener transportation | Tesla Motors, Better Place |- | Anti-aging drugs: resveratrol | Animal testing | Existing treatments for age-related diseases | Life extension | |- | Virtual retinal display | Working prototypes | VR headsets, displays | Augmented reality, virtual reality | |- | Personal rapid transit | Working prototypes (and models) | Conventional rail/bus public transport; would reduce need for everyone to own their own car | Greener transportation | |- | Solid-state drive | Diffusion; development of larger capacity | Hard disk drive | Smaller, faster, quieter, lower power consuming storage | |- | Memristor | Working prototype | Some current integrated circuits, many other electronics devices | Smaller, faster, lower power consuming storage, analogue electronics, Artificial intelligence | |- | Optical computing | Theory and experiments - some components of integrated circuits have been developed | Many integrated circuits and other electronics devices | Smaller, faster, lower power consuming computing | |- | Nanomaterials: carbon nanotubes | Diffusion and theory and experiments | Structural steel and aluminium | Stronger, lighter, and more intelligent materials, space elevator | |- | Molecular nanotechnology | Theory and experiments | Small products and parts production & retail | Desktop devices that can make anything given the materials | |- | Scramjet | Working Mach 10 Prototype | Jet engines, Rocket engines | Very fast air travel | |- | Wireless communication | Diffusion | Wired communication | Ubiquitous network connectivity | |- | 3D printing | In commercial production | Manual creation of prototypes and also some mass production methods that lack the ability for customization | Rapid prototyping and production of not only plastic objects but multi-material items, with the potential to significantly customize products for individual consumers | |- | Semantic Web or Answers Machine | | Search engines | Making the web machine-readable by linking data on the web based on its meaning | |- | OLED | Diffusion; R&D on extending lifetime | LCD and plasma displays | Displays; lighting | |- | Machine translation | | Human translation of natural languages, in areas where misunderstanding is non-critical and language is formalized | Easier cross-cultural communication | |- | Machine augmented cognition/exocortices | Diffusion of primitive amplifications; working prototypes of more; theory and experiments on more substantial amplification | | | |- | Nuclear fusion power | Theory and experiments | Fossil fuels, renewable energy, nuclear fission power | Electric power generation | |- | 3D optical data storage or Holographic data storage | Prototyping and research | All other optical data storage solutions, magnetic tape data storage, and other mass storage devices. | Storage and archiving of data that was previously erased for economic reasons | |- | Spintronics | Working prototypes | Mechanical magnetic hard disk drives | Data storage | |- | Metamaterials | Diffusion | Classical optics | Microscopes, cameras, cloaking devices | |- | High-temperature superconductivity | Working prototypes in dry ice; theory and experiments for higher temperatures | Copper wire | No loss conductors, frictionless bearings, magnetic levitation, lossless high-capacity accumulators | |- | 3D displays | Theory and experiments | CRT, LCD, and other display technologies | Television, Computer interfaces, cinemas | |- | Personal Aircraft | Commercial production | | | |- | Quantum computing | Theory and experiments | Electronic computing, optical computing | Much faster computing, for certain kinds of problems, chemical modeling, new materials with programmed properties | |- | Hydrogen economy | Diffusion (of hydrogen fuel cells); Theory and experiments for less expensive production of hydrogen | Other technologies for storing energy (conventional batteries, fossil fuels) | Green storage of energy | |- | Nanowire battery | Working prototypes | Other technologies for storing energy (hydrogen, conventional batteries and in some cases fossil fuels) | Laptops, cell phones and long-range electric cars. Storing power for electric grid | |- | Reliable Global Navigation Satellite System | System currently being produced | Various custom built systems | Mission critical navigation | |- | Powered exoskeleton | Prototyping and Diffusion | Legs and muscles | Heavy lifting, paralysis, muscle related diseases, | |- | WiTricity | Working prototypes | Electrical cables | Wireless energy transfer | |- | Optical CPUs | Theory and experiments | Electricity-powered processors and CPU coolers. | Faster, smaller, less power consuming than normal CPU. | |- | Vitrification or Cryoprotectant | Theory and some experiments | Ischemic Damages | Organ transplant | |- | Non-rocket spacelaunch | Theory and some experiments | Rocket |

| |- | Holography | Diffusion | Display Technologies | | |- | Thermal copper pillar bump | Working prototypes in discrete devices | Conventional thermal solutions, heat sinks, bulk thermoelectrics | Electric circuit cooling; micro-fluidic actuators; small-device thermoelectric power generation | |- | Phased array optics | Theory | Conventional displays (e.g., Television) | Mass production of 3 Dimensional imagery | |- | Ultracapacitor | Diffusion and continued development | conventional batteries | Regenerative braking; generally faster-charging, longer lasting, more flexible, and/or greener energy storage | |-

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