This is a list of varieties of the English language. Dialects
are linguistic varieties
which differ in pronunciation
from each other and from Standard English
(which is itself a dialect).
British linguists distinguish dialect from accent, which refers only to pronunciation. Thus, any educated English speaker can use the vocabulary and grammar of Standard English, but different speakers use their own regional accent, or Received Pronunciation, which within the U.K. is considered an accent distinguished by class rather than by region. American linguists, however, include pronunciation differences as part of the definition of regional or social dialects (better called varieties).
Central and South America
These encoding systems should not be confused with sign languages
such as British Sign Language and American Sign Language.
The following are portmanteaus
devised to describe certain local
variants of English. Although similarly named, they are actually quite
different in nature, with some being genuine mixed languages
being instances of heavy code-switching
between English and another
language, some being genuine local dialects of English used by
first-language English speakers, and some being non-native
pronunciations of English. A few portmanteaus (such as Greeklish
) are transliteration
methods rather than any kind
of spoken variant of English.