List of Presidents of Portugal

The complete list of Presidents of the Portuguese Republic consists of the 20 heads of state in the history of Portugal since the October 5, 1910 revolution that installed a republican regime. This list includes not only those persons who were sworn into office as President of Portugal but also those who de facto served as head of state since 1910. This is the case of Teófilo Braga who served as President of the Provisional Government after the republican coup d'état. Also Sidónio Pais, Mendes Cabeçadas, Gomes da Costa, as well as Canto e Castro and Óscar Carmona in their early months, weren't sworn into office as President of the Republic, usually being the President of the Ministry (Prime Minister), but de facto accumulation this functions with that of the Head of State. See the notes for more information.

The numbering reflects the uninterrupted time in office served by a single person. For example, Jorge Sampaio served two consecutive terms and is counted as the 19th president (not the 19th and 20th). Teófilo Braga served as the first and sole president of the Provisional Government, and therefore is not considered the first President, although he would serve again as head of state and be the 2nd president after Manuel de Arriaga's resignation. Bernardino Machado served two non-consecutive terms and is counted as both the 3rd and the 8th president. Because of this, the list below contains 20 presidencies, but only 19 presidents.

The current President of Portugal is Aníbal Cavaco Silva, winner of the 2006 presidential election.

The colors indicate the political affiliation of each President.


# President Took office Left office Party
Provisional Government of the Republic (1910-1911)
- Joaquim Teófilo Fernandes Braga October 5, 1910 August 24, 1911 Republican
First Republic (1911-1926)
1 Manuel José de Arriaga Brum da Silveira e Peyrelongue August 24, 1911 May 25, 1915 Republican
later Democratic
2 Joaquim Teófilo Fernandes Braga May 29, 1915 August 5, 1915 Democratic
3 Bernardino Luís Machado Guimarães August 6, 1915 December 5, 1918 Democratic
4 Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais April 28, 1918 December 14, 1918 National Republican
or "Sidonist"
5 João do Canto e Castro da Silva Antunes December 14, 1918 October 5, 1919 National Republican
or "Sidonist"
6 António José de Almeida October 5, 1919 October 5, 1923 Evolutionist Republican
later Liberal Republican
7 Manuel Teixeira Gomes October 6, 1923 December 11, 1925 Democratic
8 Bernardino Luís Machado Guimarães December 11, 1925 May 31, 1926 Democratic
Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship) / Second Republic (1926-1932)
9 José Mendes Cabeçadas Júnior May 31, 1926 June 17, 1926 Military officer
10 Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costa June 17, 1926 July 9, 1926 Military officer
Estado Novo (New State) / Second Republic (1932-1974)
11 António Óscar Fragoso Carmona July 9, 1926 April 18, 1951 Military officer
since 1932, National Union
- António de Oliveira Salazar April 18, 1951 July 21, 1951 National Union
12 Francisco Higino Craveiro Lopes July 21, 1951 August 9, 1958 National Union
13 Américo de Deus Rodrigues Tomás August 9, 1958 April 25, 1974 National Union
since 1968 Popular National Action
Third Republic (Democracy) (1974-today)
14 António Sebastião Ribeiro de Spínola April 25, 1974 September 30, 1974 Military officer
15 Francisco da Costa Gomes September 30, 1974 July 13, 1976 Military officer
16 António dos Santos Ramalho Eanes July 14, 1976 March 9, 1986 Military officer
later Democratic Renovator
17 Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares March 9, 1986 March 9, 1996 Socialist
18 Jorge Fernando Branco de Sampaio March 9, 1996 March 9, 2006 Socialist
19 Aníbal António Cavaco Silva March 9, 2006 Present Social Democratic

  • Left office early:

Died in office of natural causes.
Forced to resign due to a coup d'état'.



See also

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