List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States

List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States

This is a list of past and present justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Both Associate Justices and Chief Justices are nominated by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate.

List of Justices

The following table lists the terms of all Supreme Court justices since 1789 placed in the order in which the justices took the judicial oath of office and thereby started their term of office. Two Justices, Robert H. Harrison and Edwin Stanton, were appointed to the court but never served and therefore are not listed. Robert H. Harrison was one of the original justices appointed to the court by George Washington, but declined to serve. Edwin Stanton was appointed by Ulysses S. Grant, but died before taking office, taking the oath on his death bed.

  • The names of Justices who are active (as of Justice Samuel Alito's accession to the Court on January 31, 2006) are in bold.
  • Justices who received a recess appointment to the Supreme Court have an asterisk(*) following their name. All but one of these recess appointments went on to be confirmed by the Senate during the following session of Congress.
  • John Rutledge and Charles Evans Hughes each resigned from the Supreme Court and were later reappointed as Chief Justice. Thus, they are listed twice below, once for each term on the Supreme Court.

Timeline

Justices appointed before 1800

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DateFormat = x.y Period = from:1789 till:1830 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:1790

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from: 1789.36 till: 1798.64 color:justice text:"James Wilson"                           fontsize:10
from: 1789.8 till: 1795.49 color:Chief_Justice text:"John Jay"                 fontsize:10
from: 1790.09 till: 1810.70 color:justice text:"William Cushing"                fontsize:10
from: 1790.09 till: 1795.82 color:justice text:"John Blair"                             fontsize:10
from: 1790.13 till: 1791.18 color:justice        text:"John Rutledge"                          fontsize:10
from: 1790.36 till: 1798.80 color:justice        text:"James Iredell"                          fontsize:10
from: 1792.60 till: 1793.04 color:justice text:"Thomas Johnson"                              fontsize:10
from: 1793.19 till: 1806.69 color:justice text:"William Paterson"                               fontsize:10
from: 1795.61 till: 1795.96 color:Chief_Justice  text:"John Rutledge"                          fontsize:10
from: 1796.10 till: 1811.47 color:justice        text:"Samuel Chase"                           fontsize:10
from: 1796.19 till: 1800.96 color:Chief_Justice  text:"Oliver Ellsworth"                       fontsize:10
from: 1799.10 till: 1829.90 color:justice        text:"Bushrod Washington"                     fontsize:10

Justices serving after 1800

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DateFormat = dd/mm/yyyy Period = from:01/01/1800 till:09/03/2008 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:01/01/1800

Colors =

 id:Justice   value:rgb(0,0,1)   legend: Associate_Justice
 id:Chief_Justice value:rgb(1,0,0)  legend: Chief_Justice

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from: 01/01/1800 till: 13/09/1810 color:justice text:"William Cushing*"              fontsize:10
from: 01/01/1800 till: 09/09/1806 color:justice  text:"William Paterson*"                                      fontsize:10
from: 01/01/1800 till: 19/06/1811 color:justice  text:"Samuel Chase*"                          fontsize:10
from: 01/01/1800 till: 15/12/1800 color:Chief_Justice text:"Oliver Ellsworth*"  fontsize:10
from: 01/01/1800 till: 26/11/1829 color:justice  text:"Bushrod Washington*"                    fontsize:10
from: 21/04/1800 till: 26/01/1804  color:justice text:"Alfred Moore"                  fontsize:10
from: 04/02/1801 till: 06/07/1835  color:Chief_Justice text:"John Marshall"                 fontsize:10
from: 07/05/1804 till: 04/08/1834  color:justice text:"William Johnson"               fontsize:10
from: 20/01/1807 till: 18/03/1823  color:justice text:"Henry Brockholst Livingston"   fontsize:10
from: 04/05/1807 till: 07/02/1826  color:justice text:"Thomas Todd"                   fontsize:10
from: 23/11/1811 till: 14/01/1835  color:justice text:"Gabriel Duvall"                fontsize:10
from: 03/02/1812 till: 10/09/1845  color:justice text:"Joseph Story"                  fontsize:10
from: 01/09/1823 till: 18/12/1843  color:justice text:"Smith Thompson"                fontsize:10
from: 16/06/1826 till: 25/08/1828  color:justice text:"Robert Trimble"                fontsize:10
from: 11/01/1830 till: 04/04/1861  color:justice text:"John McLean"                   fontsize:10
from: 18/01/1830 till: 21/04/1844  color:justice text:"Henry Baldwin"                 fontsize:10
from: 14/01/1835 till: 05/07/1867  color:justice text:"James Moore Wayne"             fontsize:10
from: 28/03/1836 till: 12/10/1864  color:Chief_Justice text:"Roger B. Taney"                fontsize:10
from: 12/05/1836 till: 25/02/1841  color:justice text:"Philip Pendleton Barbour"      fontsize:10
from: 01/05/1837 till: 30/05/1865  color:justice text:"John Catron"                   fontsize:10
from: 09/01/1838 till: 19/07/1852  color:justice text:"John McKinley"                 fontsize:10
from: 10/01/1842 till: 31/05/1860  color:justice text:"Peter Vivian Daniel"           fontsize:10
from: 27/02/1845 till: 28/11/1872  color:justice text:"Samuel Nelson"                 fontsize:10
from: 23/09/1845 till: 04/09/1851  color:justice text:"Levi Woodbury"                 fontsize:10
from: 10/08/1846 till: 31/01/1870  color:justice text:"Robert Cooper Grier"           fontsize:10
from: 10/10/1851 till: 30/09/1857  color:justice text:"Benjamin Robbins Curtis"       fontsize:10
from: 11/04/1853 till: 30/04/1861  color:justice text:"John Archibald Campbell"       fontsize:10
from: 21/01/1858 till: 25/07/1881  color:justice text:"Nathan Clifford"               fontsize:10
from: 27/01/1862 till: 24/01/1881  color:justice text:"Noah Haynes Swayne"            fontsize:10
from: 21/07/1862 till: 13/10/1890  color:justice text:"Samuel Freeman Miller"         fontsize:10
from: 10/12/1862 till: 04/03/1877  color:justice text:"David Davis"                   fontsize:10
from: 20/05/1863 till: 01/12/1897  color:justice text:"Stephen Johnson Field"         fontsize:10
from: 15/12/1864 till: 07/05/1873  color:Chief_Justice text:"Salmon P. Chase"               fontsize:10
from: 14/03/1870 till: 14/12/1880  color:justice text:"William Strong"                fontsize:10
from: 23/03/1870 till: 22/01/1892  color:justice text:"Joseph Philo Bradley"          fontsize:10
from: 09/01/1873 till: 27/01/1882  color:justice text:"Ward Hunt"                     fontsize:10
from: 04/03/1874 till: 23/03/1888  color:Chief_Justice text:"Morrison Waite"                fontsize:10
from: 10/12/1877 till: 14/10/1911  color:justice text:"John Marshall Harlan"          fontsize:10
from: 05/01/1881 till: 14/05/1887  color:justice text:"William Burnham Woods"         fontsize:10
from: 17/05/1881 till: 22/03/1889  color:justice text:"Thomas Stanley Matthews"       fontsize:10
from: 09/01/1882 till: 15/09/1902  color:justice text:"Horace Gray"                   fontsize:10
from: 03/04/1882 till: 07/07/1893  color:justice text:"Samuel Blatchford"             fontsize:10
from: 18/01/1888 till: 23/01/1893  color:justice text:"Lucius Q. C. Lamar"                fontsize:10
from: 08/10/1888 till: 07/04/1910  color:Chief_Justice text:"Melville Fuller"               fontsize:10
from: 06/01/1890 till: 28/03/1910  color:justice text:"David Josiah Brewer"           fontsize:10
from: 05/01/1891 till: 28/05/1906  color:justice text:"Henry Billings Brown"          fontsize:10
from: 10/10/1892 till: 23/02/1903  color:justice text:"George Shiras, Jr."            fontsize:10
from: 04/03/1893 till: 08/08/1895  color:justice text:"Howell Edmunds Jackson"        fontsize:10
from: 12/03/1894 till: 19/12/1910  color:justice text:"Edward Douglass White" fontsize: 10
 from: 12/03/1894 till: 19/12/1910 color:justice from:19/12/1910 till: 19/05/1921 color: Chief_Justice text:"Edward Douglass White"         fontsize:10
from: 06/01/1896 till: 24/10/1909  color:justice text:"Rufus Wheeler Peckham"         fontsize:10
from: 26/01/1898 till: 01/05/1925  color:justice text:"Joseph McKenna"                fontsize:10
from: 12/08/1902 till: 01/12/1932  color:justice text:"Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr."    fontsize:10
from: 03/02/1903 till: 13/11/1922  color:justice text:"William R. Day"                fontsize:10
from: 17/12/1906 till: 20/11/1910  color:justice text:"William Henry Moody"           fontsize:10
from: 01/03/1910 till: 07/12/1914  color:justice text:"Horace Harmon Lurton"          fontsize:10
from: 10/10/1910 till: 06/10/1916  color:justice text:"Charles Evans Hughes"          fontsize:10
from: 01/03/1911 till: 06/02/1937  color:justice text:"Willis Van Devanter"           fontsize:10
from: 01/03/1911 till: 01/02/1916  color:justice text:"Joseph Rucker Lamar"           fontsize:10
from: 18/03/1912 till: 31/12/1922  color:justice text:"Mahlon Pitney"                 fontsize:10
from: 10/12/1914 till: 31/01/1941  color:justice text:"James Clark McReynolds"        fontsize:10
from: 06/05/1916 till: 13/02/1939  color:justice text:"Louis Brandeis"                fontsize:10
from: 10/09/1916 till: 18/09/1922  color:justice text:"John Hessin Clarke"            fontsize:10
from: 07/11/1921 till: 02/03/1930  color:Chief_Justice text:"William Howard Taft"           fontsize:10
from: 10/02/1922 till: 17/01/1938  color:justice text:"George Sutherland"             fontsize:10
from: 01/02/1923 till: 16/11/1939  color:justice text:"Pierce Butler"                 fontsize:10
from: 19/02/1923 till: 03/08/1930  color:justice text:"Edward Terry Sanford"          fontsize:10
from: 03/02/1925 till: 02/07/1941  color:justice text:"Harlan Fiske Stone"            fontsize:10
from: 03/02/1925 till: 02/07/1941  color:justice from: 03/07/1941 till: 22/04/1946 color: Chief_Justice text:"Harlan Fiske Stone" fontsize:10
from: 24/02/1930 till: 30/06/1941  color:Chief_Justice text:"Charles Evans Hughes"          fontsize:10
from: 06/02/1930 till: 31/07/1945  color:justice text:"Owen Josephus Roberts"         fontsize:10
from: 14/03/1932 till: 07/09/1938  color:justice text:"Benjamin N. Cardozo"           fontsize:10
from: 19/08/1937 till: 17/09/1971  color:justice text:"Hugo Black"                    fontsize:10
from: 31/01/1938 till: 25/02/1957  color:justice text:"Stanley Forman Reed"           fontsize:10
from: 30/01/1939 till: 28/08/1962  color:justice text:"Felix Frankfurter"             fontsize:10
from: 17/04/1939 till: 11/12/1975  color:justice text:"William O. Douglas"            fontsize:10
from: 02/05/1940 till: 19/07/1949  color:justice text:"Frank Murphy"                  fontsize:10
from: 07/08/1941 till: 10/03/1942  color:justice text:"James F. Byrnes"               fontsize:10
from: 07/11/1941 till: 10/09/1954  color:justice text:"Robert H. Jackson"             fontsize:10
from: 15/02/1943 till: 09/10/1949  color:justice text:"Wiley Blount Rutledge"         fontsize:10
from: 10/01/1945 till: 13/10/1958  color:justice text:"Harold Hitz Burton"            fontsize:10
from: 24/06/1946 till: 09/08/1953  color:Chief_Justice text:"Fred M. Vinson"                fontsize:10
from: 24/08/1949 till: 06/12/1967  color:justice text:"Tom C. Clark"                  fontsize:10
from: 10/12/1949 till: 15/10/1956  color:justice text:"Sherman Minton"                fontsize:10
from: 10/05/1953 till: 23/06/1969  color:Chief_Justice text:"Earl Warren"                   fontsize:10
from: 28/03/1955 till: 23/09/1971  color:justice text:"John Marshall Harlan II"       fontsize:10
from: 16/10/1956 till: 20/07/1990  color:justice text:"William J. Brennan"            fontsize:10
from: 25/03/1957 till: 31/03/1962  color:justice text:"Charles Evans Whittaker"       fontsize:10
from: 14/10/1958 till: 07/03/1981  color:justice text:"Potter Stewart"                fontsize:10
from: 16/04/1962 till: 28/06/1993  color:justice text:"Byron White"                   fontsize:10
from: 10/01/1962 till: 25/07/1965  color:justice text:"Arthur Goldberg"               fontsize:10
from: 10/04/1965 till: 14/05/1969  color:justice text:"Abe Fortas"                    fontsize:10
from: 10/02/1967 till: 10/01/1991  color:justice text:"Thurgood Marshall"             fontsize:10
from: 23/06/1969 till: 26/09/1986  color:Chief_Justice text:"Warren E. Burger"              fontsize:10
from: 06/09/1970 till: 08/03/1994  color:justice text:"Harry Blackmun"                fontsize:10
from: 01/07/1972 till: 25/06/1987  color:justice text:"Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr."    fontsize:10
from: 01/07/1972 till: 26/09/1986  color:justice text:"William Rehnquist"             fontsize:10
from: 01/07/1972 till: 26/09/1986  color:justice from:26/09/1986 till:03/09/2005 color:Chief_Justice text:"William Rehnquist" fontsize:10
from: 19/12/1975 till: 09/03/2008  color:justice text:"John Paul Stevens"             fontsize:10
from: 25/09/1981 till: 31/01/2006  color:justice text:"Sandra Day O'Connor"           fontsize:10
from: 26/09/1986 till: 09/03/2008  color:justice text:"Antonin Scalia"                fontsize:10
from: 18/02/1988 till: 09/03/2008  color:justice text:"Anthony Kennedy"               fontsize:10
from: 10/09/1990 till: 09/03/2008  color:justice text:"David Souter"                  fontsize:10
from: 23/10/1991 till: 09/03/2008  color:justice text:"Clarence Thomas"               fontsize:10
from: 08/10/1993 till: 09/03/2008  color:justice text:"Ruth Bader Ginsburg"           fontsize:10
from: 08/03/1994 till: 09/03/2008  color:justice text:"Stephen Breyer"                fontsize:10
from: 29/09/2005 till: 09/03/2008  color:Chief_Justice text:"John Roberts"                  fontsize:10
from: 31/01/2006 till: 09/03/2008  color:justice text:"Samuel Alito"                  fontsize:10

*: These justices were appointed before 1800. Their pre-1800 term portions are shown in the previous timeline.

Note: Because of limitations of the code, the timeline cannot be easily replicated into one timeline.

Notes

See also

References

  • .
    • source for term of senior service, reason service terminated, and seat information
  • .
    • source for state, appointer, and term of active service
  • Title 28, Section 3. Vacancy in office of Chief Justice; disability. United States Code. Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute. Retrieved on May 8., 2006.
    • source for laws about the Acting Chief Justice

External links

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