The following is a list of Greek
Highways (National Roads). Generally, odd numbered highways are of north-south alignment and even numbered highways are aligned east-west. However there are many exceptions. There are also many provincial roads that are not in this list. Take a look under www.Greek-Motorway.Net Nationalroad
List of National Roads
Athens - Lamia - Larissa - Thessaloniki - Evzoni
Igoumenitsa - Ioannina - Grevena - (branch to Albanian border: Kristalopigi - Kastoria) - Kozani - Thessaloniki - Kavala - Xanthe - Comotene - Alexandroupoli - Turkish Border with D110 (runs parallel to Via Egnatia from Thessaloniki to Alexandoupoli)
Antirio - Amfilochia - Arta - Ioannina
Correlation with European routes
This is a list of European routes that shows which parts of them run through Greece.
- E55: GR-18, Preveza - Rio - Patras, Patras - Pyrgos - Kalamata through GR-9, GR-9A and GR-7
- E65: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia border - Florina - Kozani - Elassona - Larissa - Lamia through GR-3, Lamia - Amfissa - Galaxidi through GR-27, Galaxidi - Antirio through GR-48, Antirio - Rio - Corinth through GR-8A, Corinth - Tripoli through motorway, Tripoli - Kalamata through GR-7, Kissamos - Chania through GR-90
- E75: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia border - Thessaloniki - Athens through GR-1, Chania - Aghios Nikolaos through GR-90
- E79: Bulgarian border - Serres through GR-57, Serres - Thessaloniki through GR-12
- E85: GR-51
- E86: Albanian border at Kristalopigi - Florina - Edessa - Gefyra (west of Thessaloniki), through GR-2
- E90: Via Egnatia
- E92: GR-6
- E94: Attiki Odos and Athens - Corinth through GR-8A
Note: when certain highways that carry European routes are replaced with motorways, the European routes will be re-assigned to the new motorways. For example, GR-7 carries the E65 from Tripoli to Kalamata. When the Corinth - Tripoli - Kalamata motorway is complete, E65 will run through it and not through GR-7 anymore.
- Motorway A1 (see Greek National Road 1), also known as the "PAThE Motorway" from the initials of the route: Pireas - Athens - Thessaloniki - Evzoni, the latter being the last village before the border with the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, often called simply "Ethniki Odos" (National Road). It is the oldest and most important motorway, passing through many important regions of Greece, on a south-north direction. Some parts of this route are not up to motorway standards yet, but there are plans for them to be upgraded. These parts are: Maliakos Bay, and Tempe Valley. Currently (Summer 2008), works are in progress around Maliakos Bay, due to be completed in 2011. A large part of the route around the bay was completed in April 2008. At Tempe valley, works are due to start in 2008, to be completed around 2012. This part will include 11 km of tunnels, made mostly for environmental protection. Some upgrade to motorway needs to be done on the Thessaloniki - Evzoni part as well. The full length of this motorway will be around 553 km or 346 miles, including 14 km or 8.7 mi shared route with Via Egnatia. Note that until recently, the "P" in "PAThE" referred to Patra, but the Patra - Athens part is now named "Motorway A8" and belongs to a different project.
- Via Egnatia or "Egnatia Odos" in Greek, is a new motorway starting at the Igoumenitsa port and ending at the Turkish Border in Evros. It is now numbered Motorway A2, and it is known as the "horizontal road axis" of Greece, since it is the longest so far and has a west - east direction. It connects almost all of northern Greece and provides access to various other locations as well as international borders with various "vertical routes" that begin from various locations along the A2. Specifically, there auxiliary routes to Albania, Bulgaria, and the main route leads to Turkey. The FYR Macedonia is accessed through PAThE, as described above. Another auxiliary route runs close to the Evros river in the prefecture of the same name, reaching a point where Greece's , Turkey's and Bulgaria's borders meet. Note that some of those auxiliary routes are not motorways, but typical 2-lane highways, but of higher quality than similar highways in the rest of Greece. This large project, including the auxiliary routes, will be complete in 2008, and the length of the main route will be 670 kilometres or 416 miles.
- Motorway A3 is another one starting from Lamia (Motorway A1 intersection) and ending at Egnatia Odos, close to Grevena. It carries the E65. Construction started on June 2007, and it is expected to be complete after 5 years. It is also known as "Central Greece Motorway", and its full length will be 175 kilometres or 109 miles. Link:
- Motorway A5, also known as Ionia Odos in Greek, or Via Ionia is another project currently under construction. It starts from Ioannina at the Egnatia Odos interchange, and ends at Rio, close to Patra, after crossing the Corinthian Gulf through the Rio-Antirrio bridge. There, it connects to the A8 and A9 (see below). It passes through most of western continental Greece, along the Ionian Sea, hence the name "Ionia Odos". Work on the majority of the highway began in spring 2006 and will span 6 years being completed by 2012. Some parts were previously completed: the Arta bypass and the Agrinio bypass. Link:
- The urban "Attiki Odos motorway" (Attiki Odos) is numbered Motorway A6. Its full length is 65 kilometres or 40.4 miles. It is planned to be extended to various directions, bringing its total length to 141 km or 88 miles. It has various auxiliary routes: "Motorway A64" which (in full length) is the route Rafina - southern suburbs, "Motorway A65" from Ano Liosia to Skaramangas (naval industrial area) and "Motorway A62" which is a small 6 km (4 mi) part connecting the main route to the Athens International Airport. The A64 is now complete only from Kessariani to Pallini, and the rest will start to be constructed in 2008, to be completed around 2011. It is commonly referred to as "Hymettus Ring", or "Imittos Ring". A small part of A65, remains still unconstructed, and it is yet unknown when it will be completed.
- The Motorway A7 also known as the Eastern Peloponese Motorway starts from Corinth at the interchange with Motorway A1 and runs up to Kalamata, passing through Tripoli. It replaces the old GR-7. The part from Corinth to Tripoli was constructed in 1988-1994, but is due to be improved or partly reconstructed along with the rest of the route to Kalamata. It has a secondary branch to Sparti. Its full length will be 205 kilometres or 127 miles, including the auxiliary route.
- Motorway A8 is the route from Athens to Patras, which until recently was a part of the PAThE motorway. It begins from Elefsina, at the interchange with Attiki Odos (A6) and it reaches Patra, where it continues as "Motorway A9" (see below). The Elefsina - Corinth part already exists, and the Corinth - Patra part will start to be constructed in 2008, to be completed on 2011. It will mostly be a widening and general reconstruction of the old GR-8A.
- Motorway A9 is the motorway that continues from Patra to the southern Peloponese, where it leads east again at some point, to join with the A7 at some point of the Tripoli - Kalamata section. Physically, the A8 and A9 are the same motorway. The point where the numbers split, at Patras, is roughly where the interchange with the A5 will be. Construction starts along with the A8, but this will be completed on 2013. The A8 and A9 are known together as the Olympia Odos, since the A8 runs along the north of the Peloponese, and the A9 to the west.
- The GR-90, temporarily known as Motorway A90, located in Crete, is currently being upgraded to motorway, with certain parts already complete, as of summer 2007. It is also known as "North Crete Motorway", and its full length will be 310 kilometres or 193 miles. Other sources claim it to be 250km or 156 mi.
Note 1: Except for the previously mentioned motorways, all other highways in Greece are undivided 2-laned. Lengths are approximate.
Note 2: Motorway numbers are different and irrelevant to other highways' numbers. For example, Motorway A6 refers to Attiki Odos, while "GR-6", as listed above, refers to a different road. The same goes for Egnatia Odos, which is numbered "Motorway A2", and the old highway "GR-2".
Note 3: Another motorway lies between Thessaloniki and Nea Moudania. It has been recently numbered Motorway A67 but this is most likely temporary. It is also known as the Halkidiki Motorway. Its first 8km (from Thessaloniki exit till the Makedonia International Airport intersection) are a 6-lane divided motorway. The next 29km (until the Sozopolis intersection) are a 4-lane divided motorway and the last 17km (until Nea Moudania ) are a 2-lane undivided highway, under construction to be transformed into a 4-lane divided motorway. The first part of it is common with the Greek National Road 16.