Lipetsk (Ли́пецк) is a city located in the Central Federal District of Russia. It is the administrative center of Lipetsk Oblast. It is located on the banks of the Voronezh River in the Don basin, 438 km southeast of Moscow.
Lipetsk is one of the oldest mud bath and balneological resorts in Russia (first opened in 1805). Peat mud and chalybeate hydrocarbonate calcic springs are used to treat patients. Sulphate and chloride sodium water is used for therapeutic baths and drinking. Lipetsk is also the birth place of Andrei Gheorghe (Андрей Георге), one of Romania's best and most controversial[needs attribution] radio and television figure.
Lipetsk is the home of the Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk Teacher's Training College, and some other colleges.
The Lipetsk Air Center has long and glorious history. Its chief, colonel Kharchevski has become famous after trial air combats in the USA and being a personal pilot of President Putin.
The city is also served by the smaller Lipetsk Airport airport.
The former steel combinate has been privatized in 1992 and Novolipetsk Steel
(NLMK) with approximately 48,000 employees and an 64% export ratio (2005) is one of the largest employers in the region. Other industry are another metallurgical plant "Svobodny Sokol" ("Free Falcon"), a tractor factory LTZ, solvent-extraction plant Liboil (largest rapeseed oil producer in Central Federal District and the second in Russia), pipe factory, a factory for refrigerators and household appliances, an ice factory, lathe factory, chemical factories, etc. Industry is mainly located south of Voronezh River.
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