is a city in Leavenworth County
, United States
, about 15 miles (24 km) east of Lawrence
. The population was 374 at the 2000 census
Linwood was founded as "Journeycake," being named after Charles Journeycake, the last Delaware
chief. The town was platted on both sides of Stranger Creek, near its mouth at the Kansas River
. In May 1860, a treaty was signed at Sarcoxieville, 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of Linwood, by Chief Sarcoxie of the Delaware and by the United States. After the treaty's signature, each member of the tribe was assigned a parcel of land, and the balance of the tribe's territories were sold to the predecessor of the Union Pacific Railroad
. Meanwhile, the U.S. government established a trading post near Stranger Creek until the tribe was moved to the Indian Territory
in 1867. Located beside the Union Pacific Railroad tracks, the store became the town’s first school.
Union Pacific Railroad
In September 1863, the Union Pacific Railroad
began building the main line westward across the Great Plains
from Kansas City, Kansas
, to Denver, Colorado
. This was the long-line railroad in Kansas for 2-3 years. The first 40 miles was open in 1864 from Wyandotte (now a suburb of Kansas City) to Lawrence. William A. Harris moved to Kansas in 1865 employed as a civil engineer for the Union Pacific Railroad. In 1868 it became the Kansas Pacific Railroad
because it was easier to refer to.
The original town of Journeycake was officially platted
as Stranger on July 11, 1867, and recorded at the Leavenworth County Courthouse. When the name Stranger became a problem for the Postal Service
who confused Stranger with a nearby town also named Stranger (referred to as "Big" Stranger), the town was renamed Linwood on December 20, 1877. Legend has it that one day when the townspeople were cutting wood for the church, Colonel Loring
suggested they change the name to Linwood, because of the many linden
trees that grew in the area. But, according to the Kansas Historical Collections
, the town of Stranger had its name changed to Linwood by Senator William A. Harris because of his great appreciation for the linwood trees that were abundant in the vicinity of Stranger Creek.
William A. Harris moved to Kansas in 1865 employed as a civil engineer for the Union Pacific Railroad until 1868, when he moved to Lawrence, Kansas. He was appointed agent for the railroad companies in the sale of the Delaware Reservation and other lands. In 1884 Harris became a prominent citizen of Linwood, where he engaged in agricultural pursuits and stock raising. He bought several hundred acres of land just west of Linwood that bordered the town. On a high hill within sight of town he built a modest two story mansion with fifteen rooms, the Harris House. Harris was elected as a Democratic Congressman to the Fifty-third Congress (1893-1895) and as a Populist to the U.S. Senate (1897- 1903). He was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Kansas in 1906. Harris died in 1909, and is buried in Lawrence, Kansas.
Much of Linwood’s commerce came from the saw mills on the river, so the town had grown very near the banks of the Kansas River
(affectionately known as the “Kaw” River) that flows eastward to the Missouri. After the 1903 flood damaged
and endangered much of the town, it was relocated about one mile north to its present location
out of “the bottoms” (as they are still known today) near the river.
Linwood is located at (39.000722, -95.037199).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²), all of it land.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 374 people, 129 households, and 87 families residing in the city. The population density
was 902.0 people per square mile (352.2/km²). There were 146 housing units at an average density of 352.1/sq mi (137.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.11% White
, 0.53% African American
, 4.01% from other races
, and 5.35% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 7.75% of the population.
There were 129 households out of which 45.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.50.
In the city the population was spread out with 35.3% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,313, and the median income for a family was $39,125. Males had a median income of $26,875 versus $24,896 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,008. About 6.1% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.