Lingayen is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pangasinan on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. It is the capital municipality of Pangasinan. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 95,773 people in 16,467 households.
Lingayen was one of strategic points during World War II. Lingayen's long beach served as runway for several attack planes.
The battle for Lingayen was fought between British and Spanish forces during the Seven Years' War. British forces were assisted by Filipino Revolutionaries. Gregorio Castro leader of the 900 Spanish forces gathered 100 soldiers to the beach to fight the landing British Forces but the other 800 Spanish were attacked by Filipinos under Miguel Seveses while on their way to the beach in so doing giving the British a better chance to land with low Spanish resistance. As soon as the British landed on Lingayen they were assisted by Filipinos in fighting the Spanish and as soon as Spanish forces in the beach were defeated they were led into the city by Filipino Civilians. Gregorio was killed by Filipinos and British riflemen when he attempted to leave. British forces attacked Lingayen to distract Spanish forces from Manila.
During World War 2 American and Philippine forces took back Lingayen from Japanese forces in Pangasinan. US and Philippine forces were met with dug in Japanese Infantry and buildings garrisoned by Japanese soldiers.