Liberalism in Portugal

This article gives an overview of liberalism in Portugal. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.


Liberalism was a strong force in nineteenth century Portugal. Since then, several parties have been heirs, in a way or another, from the liberal ideology.


From Democratic Group to New Progressive Party

Reformist Party

Historical Party

  • 1876: Both parties reunited into the ⇒ New Progressive Party

Portuguese Republican Party

  • 1872: Revolutionary and radical liberals established the Portuguese Republican Party (Partido Republicano Português)
  • 1891: The party is banned
  • 1906: The party is reestablished
  • 1910: The radicalized party staged a revolution and its leader Joaquim Teófilo Braga became prime minister
  • 1911: The ⇒ Republican National Union seceded
  • 1920: The ⇒ National Reconstituted Republican Party seceded, leaving the Portuguese Republican Party as an intransigent radical, even jacobine party, which is banned in 1926

From Republican National Union to Radical Party

From National Reconstituted Republican Party to Republican Action

Social Democratic Party

The Social Democratic Party was a full right member of International Liberal, until 1996.

Democratic Renewal Party

Liberal Social Movement

See also

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