This article gives an overview of liberalism in Portugal
. It is limited to liberal parties
with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.
Liberalism was a strong force in nineteenth century Portugal. Since then, several parties have been heirs, in a way or another, from the liberal ideology.
From Democratic Group to New Progressive Party
- 1876: Both parties reunited into the ⇒ New Progressive Party
Portuguese Republican Party
- 1872: Revolutionary and radical liberals established the Portuguese Republican Party (Partido Republicano Português)
- 1891: The party is banned
- 1906: The party is reestablished
- 1910: The radicalized party staged a revolution and its leader Joaquim Teófilo Braga became prime minister
- 1911: The ⇒ Republican National Union seceded
- 1920: The ⇒ National Reconstituted Republican Party seceded, leaving the Portuguese Republican Party as an intransigent radical, even jacobine party, which is banned in 1926
From Republican National Union to Radical Party
- 1911: Liberal and moderate factions of the Portuguese Republican Party (Partido Republicano Português) formed the Republican National Union (União Nacional Republicano)
- 1912: This party split and liberals established the Evolutionist Republican Party (Partido Republicano Evolucionista), lead by António José de Almeida. The conservative wing continued as the Republican Union
- 1919: A faction joined the conservative Republican Liberal Party and the liberals formed the Popular Portuguese Party (Partido Português Popular)
- 1922: The party is renamed Radical Party (Partido Radical)
From National Reconstituted Republican Party to Republican Action
Social Democratic Party
The Social Democratic Party was a full right member of International Liberal, until 1996.
Democratic Renewal Party
Liberal Social Movement